Ubuntu

Ubuntu Warty Warthog

Ubuntu Warty Warthog splash screen    Ubuntu Warty Warthog boot screen

Web site: www.ubuntu.com
Origin: Isle of Man
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Unity
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, armhf,
Based on: Debian
Wikipedia: Ubuntu
Media: Live DVD, Install (Alternative) CD/DVD
The last version | Released: current |
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Ubuntu

Ubuntu – a Debian-based Linux distribution, with Unity as its default desktop environment for personal computers including laptops, desktops, smartphones and for server machines as well. It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (literally, “human-ness”), which often is translated as “humanity towards others”.

The first official Ubuntu release 4.10 (Warty Warthog) was published in October 20, 2004.
Every next release is published in April and October, in a 6 mount cycle.
Every 2 years, Ubuntu is offered as a Long Term Support release (10.04, 12.04, 14.04, etc.).
Up to version 10.10, the main desktop was Gnome 2; starting from version 11.04 the Gnome was replaced by Unity.
Ubuntu is available as a Live, installable iso image, as well as alternative version which provides text based installer only.

Development of Ubuntu is led by UK-based Canonical Ltd., a company owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.

There are a few official Ubuntu variants shipped with different desktop environment or language, such as:
– Kubuntu – with KDE desktop environment
– Xubuntu – with Xfce
– Lubuntu – with LXDE, targeted to older machines
– Edubuntu – for school environments and home users
– Ubuntu Studio – for professional video and audio editing
– Mythbuntu – designed for creating a home theater PC with MythTV pre-installed
– Ubuntu Kylin – a Chinese version of Ubuntu Desktop
– Ubuntu Gnome – with Gnome 3
– Ubuntu MATE – with MATE (fork Gnome 2)

There is also a large number of derivatives built on the top of Ubuntu.

I provided the first stable iso image of Ubuntu 4.10 to be downloaded.
If you need an up-to-date Ubuntu image, you can download it from the project page or from Linuxiarze.pl/Download Ubuntu page.

 

Yellow Dog Linux

Yellow Dog Linux

Web site: www.fixstars.com/en/technologies/linux/
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Enlightenment
Architecture: PowerPC, PS3
Based on: Red Hat, CentOS
Wikipedia: Yellow Dog Linux
Media: Install DVD
The last version | Released: 7.0 | August 6, 2012

Yellow Dog Linux – an open source operating system based on Linux kernel and focused on GPU systems and computers using the Power Architecture. It was the first Linux distribution released in the spring of 1999 for the Apple Macintosh PowerPC-based computers. It is targeted to home, office, server, and cluster users.

Yellow Dog Linux is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux/CentOS and relies on the RPM Package Manager.
YUP (Yellow Dog Updater) has been specially created for Yellow Dog Linux, and was adapted for other RPM based distributions with the name YUM (Yellowdog Updater, Modified).

The first release of Yellow Dog Linux was published in 1999.
Started from version 5, Yellow Dog Linux uses Enlightenment as its default desktop, but others DE’s like KDE, Gnome or Xfce were available too.
The last version 7.0 was released in 2012.

The system includes user applications such as:
– Ekiga – a voice-over-IP and videoconferencing application
– GIMP – a raster graphics editor
– Gnash – a free Adobe Flash player
– gThumb – an image viewer
– Mozilla Firefox – a web browser
– Mozilla Thunderbird – an e-mail and news client
– OpenOffice.org – an office suite
– Pidgin – an instant messaging and IRC client
– Rhythmbox – a music player
– Noatun and Totem – media players

Download

Yellow Dog Linux 6.2 20090629 PowerPC DVD 3.7GB.iso
md5sum: 91e3f6f7dafbae427c16eb8ebd80fc3f

Nexenta OS

Nexenta OS

Web site: www.nexenta.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Text based
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: OpenSolaris
Wikipedia: Nexenta OS
Media: Install CD
The last version | Released: 3.1.3 | October 31, 2012

Nexenta OS (Nexenta Core Platform) – an open source operating system based on OpenSolaris kernel and Ubuntu userland.

The project started after Sun Microsystems started the OpenSolaris project in June 2005.
The 1st version of Nexenta OS was released in February 2008, and was based on OpenSolaris b82 and Ubuntu 6.06 “Dapper Drake”.
The 2nd version was released in May 2009, and was using packages of Ubuntu 8.04 “Hardy Heron” LTS and OpenSolaris kernel b104.
The 3rd one 3.0 released in August 2010, was using he same userland of Ubuntu 8.04 and OpenSolaris kernel b134.
In late 2011 the Nexenta OS brand was terminated and replaced with Illumian, which is derived from community development for illumos and OpenIndiana.

The installation CD installs the core system only, with 32 or 64 bit kernel.
Updates and new packages (deb) can be installed via APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) from the official Nexenta repositories (not active).

There is NexentaStor – a proprietary operating system built on top of the Nexenta Core Platform, optimized for use in virtualized server environments including NAS, iSCSI, and Fibre Channel applications, and is built around the ZFS file system.

Download

Nexenta Core Platform 3.0.1-b134 i386/x86_64 InstallCD 562MB.iso
md5sum: 6146aad28f3de98e79f47793c717948c

 

KateOS

KateOS

Web site: www.kateos.org (not active)
Origin: Poland
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Xfce
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: KateOS
Media: Live CD, Install CD/DVD
The last version | Released: 3.6 | September 17, 2007
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: KateOS

KateOS – an independent Linux distribution, originally based on Slackware.

The first version of Kate Linux 1.0 ‘Rabbit’ was released in October 09, 2004.
Kate Linux 2.0 ‘Zyklon’ released in April 09, 2005.
KateOS 3.0 ‘Virgin’ released in July 09, 2006.

Started from version 3.0, KateOS package manager uses TGZex (.tgz) packages, which unlike Slackware packages support dependency tracking (optional), internationalized descriptions, and was designed for ease of update. KateOS uses its own, native package manager tools: PKG and Updateos. Updateos is similar in work to Debian’s ‘apt-get’, and due to cooperate with PKG could install TGZex with all needed dependencies.

The system could be installed on a hard drive via the Core version installer or via PHP-GTK based graphical installer available on the live image.

KateOS was under development between 2003 and 2009, and the last version of 3.6 (including the live image) was released in September 2007. There was released version 4.0 pre1 in July 26, 2008 too, but development of the project has been finished the next year.

The founder and the lead developer of KateOS was Damian Rakowski.

Download

KateOS 3.6 Live i486 698MB.iso
md5sum: 57050d518cf133417a2d9e3b2e712562
KateOS 3.6 Miniiso i486 124MB.iso
md5sum: 875191d47bb40d7024ead889291f74e7

 

PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution

Web site: www.pld-linux.org
Origin: Poland
Category: Server, Desktop
Desktop environment: Blackbox, Fluxbox, GNOME, IceWM, KDE, Window Maker, Xfce
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, Sparc, Alpha
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): PLD Linux Distribution
Media: Rescue CD, Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.0 th | ?
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution – an independent Linux distribution, based on RPM packages, targeted to advanced users and administrators. The main usage of the distribution are network servers, but also is suitable for advanced users of workstations.
The project started in 1998 (the 1.0 release in 2002) and it is still under development (?) by a few (?) enthusiasts.

PLD uses its own package manager called “Poldek”, which lets you install and upgrade the packages. Packages are divided into the smallest portions (such as individual plug-ins and modules), what allows administrators to easy controlling the functionality of available applications and the amount of used disk space.

PLD supports network technologies (IPv6), security (AppArmor, Grsecurity, PAM, GSSAPI, TLS/SSL), and the flexible use of different natural languages to communicate with the user.

The current version of PLD is 3.0 and is in endless development stage.

The system installation can be made using PLD Rescue CD images, then chrooting into prepared, new disk partition or via a Live CD which offers Anaconda installer.

PLD Linux Distribution ia available for a various architectures: x86 (i386, i586, i686), PowerPC, AMD64, Sparc, Alpha.

In 2007 an unofficial version of PLD Linux Distribution was created – PLD Titanium. In 2010 a conflict arose between PLD project leaders and PLD Titanium creator. As a result the Titanium distribution was rebranded and in early 2011 separated from PLD with a new name TLD (Titanium Linux Distribution).

PLD is still under active development, and new images of Rescue iso is available from GitHub.