OpenDarwin

OpenDarwin

Web site: opendarwin.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment:
Architecture: PowerPC
Based on: BSD
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 7.2.1 | July 16, 2004

OpenDarwin – a freely available, multi-platform Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) / Mach 3.0 kernel-based UNIX-like operating system.

The goal of the OpenDarwin project, founded in April 2002, is to create an independent branch of the Darwin operating system that increases collaboration between Apple developers and the open source community. Apple benefits from the project because development in OpenDarwin is often incorporated into Darwin releases; and the open source community benefits since it is given complete control over its own operating system.

The OpenDarwin developers use a version control system called Concurrent Versions System (CVS to manage changes to the OpenDarwin source code. Many of the OpenDarwin developers are Apple employees, whereas others are not. It should be noted that the OpenDarwin project is fully independent of Apple, and has complete control over it’s own code, though they generally try to stay compatible with Apple’s own software.

Like most modern operating systems, OpenDarwin employs a built-in kernel debugger to help the developers find kernel bugs.

The goal of the OpenDarwin project is to provide resources for open source developers to interact and produce products for Apple’s Mac OS X. One of the key aspects of the project is to enable interested Mac OS X developers to be able to retrieve, modify, build, and distribute operating system changes.

The project has a Core Team , similar to the other various BSD projects. We are currently seeking contributors for all aspects of the project, and additions to the Core Team will be chosen from the most active contributors. One of the initial Core Team’s first action items is to establish the rules for how future Core Team and project members will be selected.

OpenDarwin core team members:
– Rob Braun – Founder of darwinfo.org (a now defunct darwin information site), maintainer of xinetd , and contributing author to the UNIX System Administration Handbook.
– Kevin Van Vechten – The Darwin team at Apple.
– Torrey T. Lyons – A committer on the XFree86 Project, Torrey is the founder of the XonX Project. He is a scientist at Mission Research Corporation, Los Angeles.

Download

No download is available
md5sum:

 

GNU-Darwin

GNU-Darwin

Web site: gnu-darwin.org (not active)
Origin:
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment:
Architecture: x86, PowerPC
Based on: Darwin
Wikipedia:
Media: Install CD
The last version | Released:

GNU-Darwin – a project that ports packages of free software to Darwin.

Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000. It is composed of code developed by Apple, as well as code derived from NeXTSTEP, BSD, Mach, and other free software projects.

The GNU-Darwin project mission is two-fold: focus on new projects that leverage the unique capabilities of Darwin/Mach, and help Apple users to enjoy the benefits of free software.

The GNU-Darwin Distribution is an amalgamation of the Darwin and GNU operating systems and a large collection of free software compatible with Darwin and Mac OS X. We are commited to Darwin as a free OS, Mac OS X compatibility, and helping users attain the benefits of software freedom.

Founded in November 2000 by proclus, The ports system and package management system were adapted from FreeBSD in order to bring Unix software to Darwin / MacOSX on PowerPC and also on the Intel and AMD x86 architecture.

In 2002, GNU-Darwin extended its services to full-featured mail accounts (with POP, IMAP and webmail support), Web Hosting and file sharing with an original web interface that provides users an easy way to manage their site and, since 2003, shell accounts on a Darwin x86 ssh server.

GNU-Darwin has always been very strident regarding software freedom and dedicated to concrete progress in this direction while concurrently defending digital liberties in general.

The most convenient way to install the distribution is to use the GNU-Darwin Office cd for ppc and x86.
These are NOT bootable cds, they install the distribution (over 250 applications and libraries) on an existing Darwin system.
Requires either Darwin 7 or 8, or MacOS 10.3 or 10.4.

 

Descent|OS

DescentOS

Web site: www.descentos.org
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: MATE
Architecture: x86, x86-64, PowerPC
Based on: Ubuntu
Wikipedia:
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 5.0 RC1 | September 8, 2016

Descent OS (previously: Descent|OS) – a Linux distribution designed around usability and resources. Descent OS utilizes the MATE Desktop Environment for functionality, and is prettied up and utilized for everyone’s needs.

Descent|OS is based on Ubuntu, features a traditional desktop environment (GNOME 2 up to 2.x version, MATE in later versions) and the first appeared in February 2012.

In 2016 the project was closed down, but the developer started preparing a new GNU/Linux distribution called Arkas OS, which is based on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) and built around a customized, modern KDE Plasma 5 desktop environment.

The project developer is Brian Manderville.

Download

Descent OS 5.0 RC1 amd64 1.4GB.iso
md5sum: 6ae55e1f907575bc0dce20f601fe7135

 

Slackintosh

Slackintosh

Web site: slackintosh.workaround.ch
Origin: Switzerland
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Blackbox, Fluxbox, FVWM, WindowMaker, Xfce
Architecture: PowerPC
Based on: Slackware
Wikipedia:
Media: Install DVD
The last version | Released: 12.1 | June 7, 2008

Slackintosh – a port of Slackware Linux to the PowerPC (Macintosh) processor architecture.

Slackintosh does not work on Intel-Macs. Slackintosh is a PPC distribution.

Slackintosh was under development by Adrian Ulrich and Marco Bonetti.
The latest version of Slackintosh was released in 2007.

Download

Slackintosh 12.1 PowerPC Install 2.64GB.iso
md5sum: c5c80bf2fb2964b8e386804998c53f39

 

Plan 9

Plan 9

Web site: plan9.bell-labs.com/plan9/
Origin: USA
Category: Specialist
Desktop environment: Rio
Architecture: x86, x86_64, MIPS, DEC Alpha, SPARC, PowerPC, ARM
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Plan 9
Media: Live CD/USB
The last version | Released: 4 | 2002
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Plan 9

Plan 9 – a distributed operating system, originally developed by the Computing Sciences Research Center at Bell Labs between the mid-1980s and 2002. Its original designers and authors were Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, Dave Presotto, and Phil Winterbottom.

Plan 9 demonstrates a new and often cleaner way to solve most systems problems. The system as a whole is likely to feel tantalizingly familiar to Unix users but at the same time quite foreign.

Plan 9 is an operating system kernel but also a collection of accompanying software. The bulk of the software is predominantly new, written for Plan 9 rather than ported from Unix or other systems. The window system, compilers, file server, and network services are all freshly written for Plan 9. Although classic Unix programs like dc, ed, and troff have been brought along, they are often in an updated form.

Starting with the release of Fourth edition on April 2002, the full source code of Plan 9 from Bell Labs was freely available under Lucent Public License 1.02.

There is an open source fork of Plan 9 called 9front (or Plan9front) being still under active development.

Download

Plan 9 4 90MB.iso.zip
md5sum: e5be8ff34c216b9193059c399031ceb5
Plan 9 4 USB Image 89MB.zip
md5sum: 0d365922b98828afd3e23cfcb82f28d8

 

Ubuntu

Ubuntu Warty Warthog

Ubuntu Warty Warthog splash screen    Ubuntu Warty Warthog boot screen

Web site: www.ubuntu.com
Origin: Isle of Man
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: GNOME
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, armhf
Based on: Debian
Wikipedia: Ubuntu
Media: Live DVD, Install (Alternative) CD/DVD
The last version | Released: current |
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Ubuntu

Ubuntu – a Debian-based Linux distribution, with Unity as its default desktop environment for personal computers including laptops, desktops, smartphones and for server machines as well. It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (literally, “human-ness”), which often is translated as “humanity towards others”.

The first official Ubuntu release 4.10 (Warty Warthog) was published in October 20, 2004.
Every next release is published in April and October, in a 6 mount cycle.
Every 2 years, Ubuntu is offered as a Long Term Support release (10.04, 12.04, 14.04, etc.).
Up to version 10.10, the main desktop was Gnome 2; starting from version 11.04 the Gnome was replaced by Unity.
Ubuntu is available as a Live, installable iso image, as well as alternative version which provides text based installer only.

Development of Ubuntu is led by UK-based Canonical Ltd., a company owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.

There are a few official Ubuntu variants shipped with different desktop environment or language, such as:
– Kubuntu – with KDE desktop environment
– Xubuntu – with Xfce
– Lubuntu – with LXDE, targeted to older machines
– Edubuntu – for school environments and home users
– Ubuntu Studio – for professional video and audio editing
– Mythbuntu – designed for creating a home theater PC with MythTV pre-installed
– Ubuntu Kylin – a Chinese version of Ubuntu Desktop
– Ubuntu Gnome – with Gnome 3
– Ubuntu MATE – with MATE (fork Gnome 2)

There is also a large number of derivatives built on the top of Ubuntu.

I provided the first stable iso image of Ubuntu 4.10 to be downloaded.
If you need an up-to-date Ubuntu image, you can download it from the project page or from Linuxiarze.pl/Download Ubuntu page.

 

Yellow Dog Linux

Yellow Dog Linux

Web site: www.fixstars.com/en/technologies/linux/
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Enlightenment
Architecture: PowerPC, PS3
Based on: Red Hat, CentOS
Wikipedia: Yellow Dog Linux
Media: Install DVD
The last version | Released: 7.0 | August 6, 2012

Yellow Dog Linux – an open source operating system based on Linux kernel and focused on GPU systems and computers using the Power Architecture. It was the first Linux distribution released in the spring of 1999 for the Apple Macintosh PowerPC-based computers. It is targeted to home, office, server, and cluster users.

Yellow Dog Linux is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux/CentOS and relies on the RPM Package Manager.
YUP (Yellow Dog Updater) has been specially created for Yellow Dog Linux, and was adapted for other RPM based distributions with the name YUM (Yellowdog Updater, Modified).

The first release of Yellow Dog Linux was published in 1999.
Started from version 5, Yellow Dog Linux uses Enlightenment as its default desktop, but others DE’s like KDE, Gnome or Xfce were available too.
The last version 7.0 was released in 2012.

The system includes user applications such as:
– Ekiga – a voice-over-IP and videoconferencing application
– GIMP – a raster graphics editor
– Gnash – a free Adobe Flash player
– gThumb – an image viewer
– Mozilla Firefox – a web browser
– Mozilla Thunderbird – an e-mail and news client
– OpenOffice.org – an office suite
– Pidgin – an instant messaging and IRC client
– Rhythmbox – a music player
– Noatun and Totem – media players

Download

Yellow Dog Linux 6.2 20090629 PowerPC DVD 3.7GB.iso
md5sum: 91e3f6f7dafbae427c16eb8ebd80fc3f

OpenSolaris

OpenSolaris

Web site: www.opensolaris.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GNOME
Architecture: x86, x86_64, ARM, PowerPC, SPARC
Based on: Solaris
Wikipedia: OpenSolaris
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 2009.06 | June 1, 2009

OpenSolaris – an open source operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems. OpenSolaris is a descendant of the UNIX System V Release 4 (SVR4) code base developed by Sun and AT&T in the late 1980s. It was based on Solaris, which was originally released by Sun in 1991.

OpenSolaris uses a network-based package management system “Image Packaging System” (pkg(5)), which could add, remove, and manage installed software and to update to newer releases. It includes a set of free applications, including popular desktop (GNOME 2) and server software.

In 2010, after the acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Oracle stopped open development of the system, and replaced the OpenSolaris with the proprietary Solaris Express. On September 13, 2010 Steven Stallion announcement at his blog, that the development of OpenSolaris is finished.

A group of former OpenSolaris developers forked the core software under the new name OpenIndiana, which is a part of the Illumos Foundation.

There are a few forks based on OpenSolaris, such as: BeleniX, EON ZFS Storage, Illumos, Jaris OS, MartUX, MilaX, Nexenta OS, NexentaStor, OpenIndiana, OpenSXCE, SchilliX, SmartOS, StormOS.

Download

OpenSolaris 2009.06 i386 693MB.iso
md5sum: 86e19c89a30c9b91cbb096a758dea737

 

NewOS

NewOS

Web site: newos.org
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, Sega Dreamcast, PowerPC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): NewOS
Media: Source code
The last version | Released: 20050620 | June 20, 2005

NewOS – an alternative, modular and open-source operating system, based on a micro kernel written by a former Be Inc. employee Travis Geiselbrecht. It is largely implemented in C/C++, with a small amount of assembly.

The system is mostly a kernel with a minimal amount of user space libraries and applications so it isn’t interesting from an end-user point of view – there is no gui, simple commands on a command line.

NewOS provides a flexible framework to build other systems out of, cross-platform portability, provides a clean implementation that can be used as a learning tool for others and gives an educational opportunity for developers.

Haiku OS (previously: OpenBeOS), which is still under active development is based on NewOS.

Michael Noisternig took over the NewOS source code, and has implemented new ideas creating a fork named NewOS-Notion.

 

PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution

Web site: www.pld-linux.org
Origin: Poland
Category: Server, Desktop
Desktop environment: Blackbox, Fluxbox, GNOME, IceWM, KDE, Window Maker, Xfce
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, Sparc, Alpha
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): PLD Linux Distribution
Media: Rescue CD, Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.0 th | ?
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution – an independent Linux distribution, based on RPM packages, targeted to advanced users and administrators. The main usage of the distribution are network servers, but also is suitable for advanced users of workstations.
The project started in 1998 (the 1.0 release in 2002) and it is still under development (?) by a few (?) enthusiasts.

PLD uses its own package manager called “Poldek”, which lets you install and upgrade the packages. Packages are divided into the smallest portions (such as individual plug-ins and modules), what allows administrators to easy controlling the functionality of available applications and the amount of used disk space.

PLD supports network technologies (IPv6), security (AppArmor, Grsecurity, PAM, GSSAPI, TLS/SSL), and the flexible use of different natural languages to communicate with the user.

The current version of PLD is 3.0 and is in endless development stage.

The system installation can be made using PLD Rescue CD images, then chrooting into prepared, new disk partition or via a Live CD which offers Anaconda installer.

PLD Linux Distribution ia available for a various architectures: x86 (i386, i586, i686), PowerPC, AMD64, Sparc, Alpha.

In 2007 an unofficial version of PLD Linux Distribution was created – PLD Titanium. In 2010 a conflict arose between PLD project leaders and PLD Titanium creator. As a result the Titanium distribution was rebranded and in early 2011 separated from PLD with a new name TLD (Titanium Linux Distribution).

PLD is still under active development, and new images of Rescue iso are available from the GitHub.