Ubuntu

Ubuntu Warty Warthog

Ubuntu Warty Warthog splash screen    Ubuntu Warty Warthog boot screen

Web site: www.ubuntu.com
Origin: Isle of Man
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Unity
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, armhf,
Based on: Debian
Wikipedia: Ubuntu
Media: Live DVD, Install (Alternative) CD/DVD
The last version | Released: current |
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Ubuntu

Ubuntu – a Debian-based Linux distribution, with Unity as its default desktop environment for personal computers including laptops, desktops, smartphones and for server machines as well. It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (literally, “human-ness”), which often is translated as “humanity towards others”.

The first official Ubuntu release 4.10 (Warty Warthog) was published in October 20, 2004.
Every next release is published in April and October, in a 6 mount cycle.
Every 2 years, Ubuntu is offered as a Long Term Support release (10.04, 12.04, 14.04, etc.).
Up to version 10.10, the main desktop was Gnome 2; starting from version 11.04 the Gnome was replaced by Unity.
Ubuntu is available as a Live, installable iso image, as well as alternative version which provides text based installer only.

Development of Ubuntu is led by UK-based Canonical Ltd., a company owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.

There are a few official Ubuntu variants shipped with different desktop environment or language, such as:
– Kubuntu – with KDE desktop environment
– Xubuntu – with Xfce
– Lubuntu – with LXDE, targeted to older machines
– Edubuntu – for school environments and home users
– Ubuntu Studio – for professional video and audio editing
– Mythbuntu – designed for creating a home theater PC with MythTV pre-installed
– Ubuntu Kylin – a Chinese version of Ubuntu Desktop
– Ubuntu Gnome – with Gnome 3
– Ubuntu MATE – with MATE (fork Gnome 2)

There is also a large number of derivatives built on the top of Ubuntu.

I provided the first stable iso image of Ubuntu 4.10 to be downloaded.
If you need an up-to-date Ubuntu image, you can download it from the project page or from Linuxiarze.pl/Download Ubuntu page.

 

Yellow Dog Linux

Yellow Dog Linux

Web site: www.fixstars.com/en/technologies/linux/
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: Enlightenment
Architecture: PowerPC, PS3
Based on: Red Hat, CentOS
Wikipedia: Yellow Dog Linux
Media: Install DVD
The last version | Released: 7.0 | August 6, 2012

Yellow Dog Linux – an open source operating system based on Linux kernel and focused on GPU systems and computers using the Power Architecture. It was the first Linux distribution released in the spring of 1999 for the Apple Macintosh PowerPC-based computers. It is targeted to home, office, server, and cluster users.

Yellow Dog Linux is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux/CentOS and relies on the RPM Package Manager.
YUP (Yellow Dog Updater) has been specially created for Yellow Dog Linux, and was adapted for other RPM based distributions with the name YUM (Yellowdog Updater, Modified).

The first release of Yellow Dog Linux was published in 1999.
Started from version 5, Yellow Dog Linux uses Enlightenment as its default desktop, but others DE’s like KDE, Gnome or Xfce were available too.
The last version 7.0 was released in 2012.

The system includes user applications such as:
– Ekiga – a voice-over-IP and videoconferencing application
– GIMP – a raster graphics editor
– Gnash – a free Adobe Flash player
– gThumb – an image viewer
– Mozilla Firefox – a web browser
– Mozilla Thunderbird – an e-mail and news client
– OpenOffice.org – an office suite
– Pidgin – an instant messaging and IRC client
– Rhythmbox – a music player
– Noatun and Totem – media players

Download

Yellow Dog Linux 6.2 20090629 PowerPC DVD 3.7GB.iso
md5sum: 91e3f6f7dafbae427c16eb8ebd80fc3f

OpenSolaris

OpenSolaris

Web site: www.opensolaris.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GNOME
Architecture: x86, x86_64, ARM, PowerPC, SPARC
Based on: Solaris
Wikipedia: OpenSolaris
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 2009.06 | June 1, 2009

OpenSolaris – an open source operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems. OpenSolaris is a descendant of the UNIX System V Release 4 (SVR4) code base developed by Sun and AT&T in the late 1980s. It was based on Solaris, which was originally released by Sun in 1991.

OpenSolaris uses a network-based package management system “Image Packaging System” (pkg(5)), which could add, remove, and manage installed software and to update to newer releases. It includes a set of free applications, including popular desktop (GNOME 2) and server software.

In 2010, after the acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Oracle stopped open development of the system, and replaced the OpenSolaris with the proprietary Solaris Express. On September 13, 2010 Steven Stallion announcement at his blog, that the development of OpenSolaris is finished.

A group of former OpenSolaris developers forked the core software under the new name OpenIndiana, which is a part of the Illumos Foundation.

There are a few forks based on OpenSolaris, such as: BeleniX, EON ZFS Storage, Illumos, Jaris OS, MartUX, MilaX, Nexenta OS, NexentaStor, OpenIndiana, OpenSXCE, SchilliX, SmartOS, StormOS.

Download

OpenSolaris 2009.06 i386 693MB.iso
md5sum: 86e19c89a30c9b91cbb096a758dea737

 

NewOS

NewOS

Web site: http://newos.org
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Text based
Architecture: x86, Sega Dreamcast, PowerPC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): NewOS
Media: Source code
The last version | Released: 20050620 | June 20, 2005

NewOS – an alternative, modular and open-source operating system, based on a micro kernel written by a former Be Inc. employee Travis Geiselbrecht. It is largely implemented in C/C++, with a small amount of assembly.

The system is mostly a kernel with a minimal amount of user space libraries and applications so it isn’t interesting from an end-user point of view – there is no gui, simple commands on a command line.

NewOS provides a flexible framework to build other systems out of, cross-platform portability, provides a clean implementation that can be used as a learning tool for others and gives an educational opportunity for developers.

Haiku OS (previously: OpenBeOS), which is still under active development is based on NewOS.

Michael Noisternig took over the NewOS source code, and has implemented new ideas creating a fork named NewOS-Notion (?).

 

PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution

Web site: www.pld-linux.org
Origin: Poland
Category: Server, Desktop
Desktop environment: Blackbox, Fluxbox, GNOME, IceWM, KDE, Window Maker, Xfce
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, Sparc, Alpha
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): PLD Linux Distribution
Media: Rescue CD, Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.0 th | ?
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: PLD Linux Distribution

PLD Linux Distribution – an independent Linux distribution, based on RPM packages, targeted to advanced users and administrators. The main usage of the distribution are network servers, but also is suitable for advanced users of workstations.
The project started in 1998 (the 1.0 release in 2002) and it is still under development (?) by a few (?) enthusiasts.

PLD uses its own package manager called “Poldek”, which lets you install and upgrade the packages. Packages are divided into the smallest portions (such as individual plug-ins and modules), what allows administrators to easy controlling the functionality of available applications and the amount of used disk space.

PLD supports network technologies (IPv6), security (AppArmor, Grsecurity, PAM, GSSAPI, TLS/SSL), and the flexible use of different natural languages to communicate with the user.

The current version of PLD is 3.0 and is in endless development stage.

The system installation can be made using PLD Rescue CD images, then chrooting into prepared, new disk partition or via a Live CD which offers Anaconda installer.

PLD Linux Distribution ia available for a various architectures: x86 (i386, i586, i686), PowerPC, AMD64, Sparc, Alpha.

In 2007 an unofficial version of PLD Linux Distribution was created – PLD Titanium. In 2010 a conflict arose between PLD project leaders and PLD Titanium creator. As a result the Titanium distribution was rebranded and in early 2011 separated from PLD with a new name TLD (Titanium Linux Distribution).

PLD is still under active development, and new images of Rescue iso is available from GitHub.