AxidOS

AxidOS

Web site: github.com/Asido/OS
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | May 2016

AxidOS – a hobby x86 32-bit operating system, mostly written in C.

Dependencies required to build the AxidOS:
dosfstools – this is required to make virtual floppy image used to boot the OS
nasm -the boot loader is written in Netwide Assembler (NASM)
gcc – the GNU C Compiler
coreutils -mount, dd, cp…

The project founder is Arvydas Sidorenko.

 

NX-DOS

null

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/nxdos (not active)
Origin: ?
Category: Embedded
Desktop environment: cli
Architecture: x86
Based on: ?
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 1.2013 (?) | 2005 (?)

NX-DOS – a 16/32bit X86 operating system for embedded applications.

NX-DOS is a free DOS-compatible 16/32bit operating system aimed at embedded x86 systems.
An open source, MS-DOS operating system that is capable of running most DOS applications.

It uses a RXDOS compatible memory manager.

Project went open source in 2005, after years of private development.

Download

No download is available.
md5sum:

 

MyPupalpha

MyPupalpha

Web site: (not active)
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: IceWM
Architecture: x86
Based on: Puppy
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 216 | July 18, 2007

MyPupalpha – a Live CD of small size but frighteningly effective. This is one of the many derivatives of the Puppy distribution.

Download

MyPupalpha i386 89MB.iso
md5sum: e1e98e863c597496214859b5177962be

 

SalukiNOP

SalukiNOP

Web site: wikka.puppylinux.com/SalukiNOP
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: JWM
Architecture: x86
Based on: Puppy
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 6.0.2 | March 22, 2015

SalukiNOP – a fork of Saluki, which is designed from the ground up for use as a base system for puplet developers.

The NOP version doesn’t include any office applications – so you and add the preferred ones.

Download

SalukiNOP 023r2 i386 124MB.iso
md5sum: 772886828a2b355ede7578d7106d7923
tahrNOP 2a-6.0.2 i386 187MB.iso
md5sum: 9dfe65e0943e171e5775eceac1fee431

 

Carolina

Carolina

Web site: (not active)
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Xfce
Architecture: x86
Based on: Puppy
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 1.3 | December 9, 2014

Carolina – a fork of the Saluki project. Saluki is a woof-build based on Racy 5.2 with Xfce.

The suggested target hardware are computers less than 5 years old. It should run reasonably fast on older machines and netbooks, but Xfce does need a bit more ram and cpu than the standard ROX/Jwm puppy – probably at least 512MB of ram and 1GHz CPU for decent performance.

Carolina Beta 0.01 was release October 5, 2012 and the latest version 1.3 was released in December 2014.

Download

Carolina 1.3 i386 477MB.iso
md5sum: fbae4bac0f8eaa094e5903edca9d32b5

 

Saluki

Saluki

Web site: saluki-linux.com (not active)
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Xfce
Architecture: x86
Based on: Puppy
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 023 | July 6, 2012

Saluki – an ultralight Linux distro with an XFCE desktop based on Puppy Linux. Saluki, like Puppy, runs in a single user mode. It is primarily intended for single user computers where speed, simplicity, productivity, and convenience is paramount. It never asks for passwords unless encryption is enabled.

The Saluki Custom Puplet builder is a build system with unmatched precision and ease of use. You can change the apps, change the kernel, rename the sfs files, choose xorgwizard or automatic desktop, trim the zdrive, and customize the look and feel.

The project founder is Jemimah.

Download

Saluki 023 i386 133MB.iso
md5sum: 9f671ab86f702e142109787f5a7af052

 

AdmuLinux

null

Web site: admulinux.org (not active)
Origin: Philippines
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: KDE
Architecture: x86
Based on: ?
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 2.0 ? | 2002 ?

AdmuLinux – a full-featured graphical Linux development system that runs on a CD, intented for Ateneo students doing software development, and system administration, maintained by Dr. Pablo Manalastas, Philippines.

The last version of AdmuLinux 2.0 (?) has KDE desktop environment 2.1.1, and lots of development tools for Palm.

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No download is available.
md5sum:

 

OpenStep

OpenStep

Web site: gnustep.org/resources/OpenStepSpec/OpenStepSpec.html
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment:
Architecture: IA-32, PA-RISC, SPARC
Based on: UNIX
Wikipedia: OpenStep
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | ?

OpenStep – an object-oriented operating system that uses any modern operating system as its core. Mainly created by NeXT. NeXT Computer Inc, and Sun Microsystems Inc. teamed up in late 1993 to push a free object layer API based on the NeXTSTEP object system. This agreement evolved into the OpenStep specification which was published by NeXT in a first draft back in summer 1994.

There is a distinction between OpenStep, which is an API specification, and OPENSTEP (capitalized) which is a specific implementation of OpenStep developed by NeXT. Although it was originally created on a Unix-based Mach kernel (just like the NeXTSTEP core), OPENSTEP versions were also available on Solaris and Microsoft Windows NT. Therefore, OPENSTEP libraries (which were supplied with the OPENSTEP system) are actually a subset of the original OpenStep specification.

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Mxchg

Mxchg

Web site: mxchg.com (not active)
Origin: ?
Category: Multimedia
Desktop environment: KDE
Architecture: x86
Based on: Knoppix
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 001 | March 7, 2007

Mxchg – a based on Knoppix live CD which lets you try, without installing, the Music Exchange software.

It is “Your Fresh New Music Centre” and also allows artists to “Distribute music to their fans directly. The Media Exchange is ‘open source’, and all the source code is included on the CD”.

It allows:
– to share musical collections
– play and organize music
– tag music
– automatically remove duplicate songs
– automatically download music from some artists.

Download

Mxchg 001 i386 265MB.iso
md5sum: 6f3bc3b102340c2beb1b1717277ae613

 

GNOSIS

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Web site: cis.upenn.edu/~KeyKOS/Gnosis/Gnosis.html (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Server
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: IBM ?
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: GNOSIS
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | ?

GNOSIS (Great New Operating System In the Sky) – an example of a completely different kind of operating system. Gnosis was developed by TYMSHARE as a proprietary control program and it also developed proprietary application packages to run on it. GNOSIS was based on the research of Norman Hardy, Dale E. Jordan, Bill Frantz, Charlie Landau, Jay Jonekait, et al. McDonnell Douglas bought Tymshare, Inc. and then sold it in 1984 to Key Logic.

Programs under Gnosis are built out of protection domains with firewalls between them. Domains are small, simple, and cheap.
Domains communicate through doors in the firewalls, called capabilities. Capabilities are a simple, uniform, efficient means of representing authority.

There are several significant factors which make it possible.

* First, and foremost, the Gnosis concept of distinct domains without implicit interactions between them results in simpler programs. Because of this, we have had to spend a great deal of time designing the interfaces between these domains to insure that adequate function exists in each; but perhaps even that is a benefit since we will know exactly how the system goes together. The basic design of Gnosis will ensure that no compromises to the design occur during the implementation.

* Second, because individual components are completely isolated from each other, except for the prescribed interfaces, it is a simple matter to implement each domain independently of the remainder of the operating system. Very little scaffolding is required. We went to install the CMS editor in Gnosis and noted all of the things we thought ought to be there as co-requisites, things like a command language to call the editor, a file system, a loader, catalog facilities, and so on. To our surprise, we discovered that we didn’t need any of those facilities. We could just connect the editor directly to the terminal handler and test it. This made development go much quicker.

* Third, we have been able to coexist with, and take advantage of, CMS during the early going. We expect to use CMS services for quite some while for compiling programs and so forth. Thus our “critical mass” of code is very much smaller that it would otherwise be.

* Fourth, the basic design of Gnosis allows us to write most of the operating system as user code, which means we will be able to eliminate a lot of duplication of effort in terms of testing tools, etc. The system will also be much simpler because all of the details of the hardware are masked in the kernel. Consequently no domain programmer need ever deal with them, which makes the domains simpler, and also greatly reduces the impact of any hardware changes. We have tended to follow the advice of Fred Brooks in the Mythical Man-month, where he suggests “be prepared to throw the first one away.” We have implemented each domain with the simplest possible algorithms in order to test the design. Later we will have to discard many of these domains and rewrite them with high performance algorithms which obey the same interface specifications. Most of these first attempt domains can be implemented In a matter of days.

* Last, but certainly not least, we have a relatively high technology “office of the future” system called AUGMENT which we are using to keep all of our design notes as well as our user documentation. The use of this system,will save us a significant amount of labor as we develop a user community over the next several years.

The combination of these facilities has made it possible for us to implement a great deal of function very quickly. As Norm mentioned earlier, we have only just started running our first domains recently. Yet we expect to be able to have a significant online database application operational within a year.

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md5sum: