Inferno

Inferno

Web site: www.vitanuova.com/inferno/
Origin: UK
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GUI
Architecture: x86, ARM, PA-RISC, MIPS, PowerPC, SPARC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Inferno
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 4 | March 28, 2015

Inferno – an operating system designed for building distributed and networked systems on a wide variety of devices and platforms. Inferno was based on the experience gained with Plan 9 from Bell Labs, and currently being developed by Vita Nuova. Applications for this system are written in the Limbo language. The name of the system and some related programs (including Styx, Limbo) come from the Dante’s Divine Comedy.

Inferno can run as a user application on top of an existing operating system or as a stand alone operating system. Most of the popular operating systems and processor architectures are supported:
– Host Operating Systems
– Windows NT/2000/XP
– Irix
– Linux
– MacOS X
– FreeBSD
– Solaris
– Plan 9

Inferno applications are written in Limbo®, a modern, safe, modular, concurrent programming language with C-like syntax. It is more powerful than C but considerably easier to understand and debug than C++ or Java. It is easy to express the concurrency in the physical world directly in Limbo’s syntax. Any Inferno application will run identically on all Inferno platforms.

High level security is an important part of the Inferno system. By using one standard protocol for all network communication, security can be focused on one point and provided at a system level. Inferno offers full support for authenticated, encrypted connections using a certificate based user identification scheme and variety of algorithms.

Inferno 4 was released in 2005 as free software.

Founded in March 2000, Vita Nuova Holdings Ltd is an operating systems and application development company specializing in technologies for distributed applications on network devices and embedded systems.

Download

Inferno 20150328 Unix-like systems (FreeBSD, Linux, MacOS X, Plan 9) 71MB.tgz
md5sum: 1b3b406dcaa9d7919e933dd192d53a39

Inferno Windows 2000, XP, and 7 62MB.zip
md5sum: 728b515bc6d866a24bed9b573965ee90

Inferno Mac OSX 386 3,7MB.tgz
md5sum: 83a10dc646f421dead3d59d63bc64ba8

Inferno source code
md5sum:

 

CapROS

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Web site: www.capros.org
Origin: USA
Category: Microkernel, Others
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, ARM
Based on: EROS
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 1 | May 2, 2005

CapROS (Capability-based Reliable Operating System) – an experimental capability-based operating system, based on EROS, KeyKOS, and Gnosis. Ports exist for the Intel IA-32 and ARM9 architectures. CapROS is an operating system that merges some very old ideas about capabilities with some newer ideas about performance and resource management. The result is a small, secure, real-time operating system that provides orthogonal persistence.

It is a pure capability-based system that features automatic persistence of data and processes, even across system reboots. Capability systems naturally support the principle of least authority, which improves security and fault tolerance.

The CapROS project is led by Charles Landau. It was under developed by Strawberry Development Group with funding from DARPA and others.

Download

CapROS source archive 43.7MB.tgz
md5sum: d27038d2b461eb7c772a60fb261cd0a8

 

Maemo

Maemo

Web site: http://maemo.org/
Origin: Norway
Category: Mobile
Desktop environment: Hildon
Architecture: ARM
Based on: Debian
Wikipedia: Maemo
Media:
The last version | Released: 5.0 PR 1.3.1 | November 1, 2011

Maemo – a Linux based operating system and mobile platform from the Finnish communications and information technology corporation, Nokia. Software applications designed to run on the Maemo platform are developed by the Maemo Community, a nonprofit, open source community sponsored by Nokia.

Maemo is a modified version of the Debian GNU/Linux distribution, reconfigured for mobile devices. It uses libraries from the GNOME project, the Matchbox window manager and the GTK-based Hildon framework as its GUI and application framework. The GUI uses the GTK+ toolkit and Hildon user interface widgets and API.

Maemo operating system is designed for Nokia Internet Tablets, which feature very similar specifications to Nokia’s high-end N-series and E-series cellphones, with TI OMAP ARM SoCs, large screens, and expandable internal storage.

Maemo comes with a number of built-in applications such as Mozilla-based MicroB browser, Macromedia Flash player, Gizmo5, and Skype.
More applications can be installed from a 3rd party sources, via “Application manager”, or APT and dpkg.

At the Mobile World Congress in February 2010, it was announced that the Maemo project would be merging with Moblin to create the MeeGo mobile software platform. Despite that, the Maemo community continued to be active, and in late 2012 Nokia began transferring Maemo ownership to the newly established Hildon Foundation.

Download

No download available.
md5sum:

 

MeeGo

MeeGo

Image source: Wikipedia, under the CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Web site: https://meego.com/ (not active)
Origin: USA, Finland
Category: Netbook
Desktop environment: MeeGo
Architecture: x86, ARM
Based on: Moblin, Maemo
Wikipedia: MeeGo
Media: Live USB
The last version | Released: 1.2.0.10 | July 12, 2012

MeeGo – a Linux distribution targeted to mobile devices, such as netbooks, desktops, nettops, tablets, mobile computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, SmartTV/ConnectedTV, IPTV-boxes, smart phones, and other embedded systems.

MeeGo supports both ARM and Intel x86 processors with SSSE3 (Supplemental Streaming SIMD Extensions 3) enabled and uses btrfs as the default file system.

MeeGo is a merge of two projects: Moblin (produced by Intel) and Maemo (produced by Nokia).
MeeGo was hosted by the Linux Foundation until September 2011, when was canceled in favor of Tizen.

Download

MeeGo 1.2.0 ia32 884MB.img
md5sum: 56528b8331cf7f28171b91fe59d2fa38

 

GeeXboX

GeeXboX

Web site: www.geexbox.org
Origin: France
Category: Multimedia
Desktop environment: XBMC
Architecture: x86, x86_64, arm
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: GeeXboX
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.1 | November 1, 2013
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: GeeXboX

GeeXboX – a free and open-source media-center purposed Linux distribution for embedded devices and desktop computers. The project is a non-commercial organization, founded in 2002 and developed by volunteer individuals from all around the world on their spare time.

GeeXboX 2.0 and later uses XBMC as its front-end for media playback.
It can be booted from a live CD, a USB key, an SD/MMC card or can be installed on a hard drive.
GeeXboX provides a ready-to-be-used, plug-and-play Media Center application that can play any kind of multimedia content (Audio, Videos, Photos…) from any location (CD, DVD, Bluray, HDD, USB, Samba, NFS, UPnP, SHOUTcast…).

The GeeXboX distribution is available for machines, such as:
– x86/x86_64 computers (i386 and amd64)
– PowerPC computers (32 and 64 bits)
– ARM SoC: mostly OMAP ARMv7 SoC from Texas Instruments and Tegra2 from nVidia.

The project’s core developers are Aurelien Jacobs and Benjamin Zores.

Download

GeeXboX 3.1 i386 161MB.iso
md5sum: 09ac3b384129f17991e0dcf8e97453ab
GeeXboX 3.1 x86_64 164MB.iso
md5sum: 2aaf033daad1e416f8a121b29008d167
GeeXboX 3.1 RaspberyPi 131MB.tar.bz2
md5sum: 4e500261d94d4458ab82f4734290e427

 

Plan 9

Plan 9

Web site: http://plan9.bell-labs.com/plan9/
Origin: USA
Category: Specialist
Desktop environment: Rio
Architecture: x86, x86_64, MIPS, DEC Alpha, SPARC, PowerPC, ARM
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Plan 9
Media: Live CD/USB
The last version | Released: 4 | 2002
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Plan 9

Plan 9 – a distributed operating system, originally developed by the Computing Sciences Research Center at Bell Labs between the mid-1980s and 2002. Its original designers and authors were Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, Dave Presotto, and Phil Winterbottom.

Plan 9 demonstrates a new and often cleaner way to solve most systems problems. The system as a whole is likely to feel tantalizingly familiar to Unix users but at the same time quite foreign.

Plan 9 is an operating system kernel but also a collection of accompanying software. The bulk of the software is predominantly new, written for Plan 9 rather than ported from Unix or other systems. The window system, compilers, file server, and network services are all freshly written for Plan 9. Although classic Unix programs like dc, ed, and troff have been brought along, they are often in an updated form.

Starting with the release of Fourth edition on April 2002, the full source code of Plan 9 from Bell Labs was freely available under Lucent Public License 1.02.

There is an open source fork of Plan 9 called 9front (or Plan9front) being still under active development.

Download

Plan 9 4 90MB.iso.zip
md5sum: e5be8ff34c216b9193059c399031ceb5
Plan 9 4 USB Image 89MB.zip
md5sum: 0d365922b98828afd3e23cfcb82f28d8

 

AEROS

AEROS

Web site: www.aeros-os.org
Origin: Germany
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Wanderer
Architecture: x86, ARM
Based on: AROS, Debian
Wikipedia:
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 3.5 | January 17, 2013
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: AEROS

AEROS – a hybrid distribution of AROS and Linux (Debian) available for ARM and x86 systems. It is an open-source reimplementation of the classic Amiga OS.

The hybrid combinations means that a one operating system hosts an another one. The host system is Debian, which has pre-installed VirtualBox and automatically runs the AROS operating system as a guest system.
Debian contains pre-installed ultra light Openbox window manager and Tint2 panel as well.

Thank’s to Linux kernel, AREOS features more drivers (printers, scanners, NIC, Videocards and is able to run every Linux application, including Wine, which enables the use of Windows (TM) apps without the need of Windows(TM).

Thank’s to having AROS on top Linux, the system can runs apps and games which come from Amiga It also allows you to use JanusUAE – an integrated Amiga emulation – a classic 68k Amiga apps can be used in coherency mode.

Te developer of AEROS is Pascal Papara, and the AEROS is published under OIN® License.

Download

AEROS 3.5 i386 2.75GB.iso
md5sum: 821858d9a7e8591549b5e2c3f3bf7c62

 

OpenSolaris

OpenSolaris

Web site: www.opensolaris.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GNOME
Architecture: x86, x86_64, ARM, PowerPC, SPARC
Based on: Solaris
Wikipedia: OpenSolaris
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 2009.06 | June 1, 2009

OpenSolaris – an open source operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems. OpenSolaris is a descendant of the UNIX System V Release 4 (SVR4) code base developed by Sun and AT&T in the late 1980s. It was based on Solaris, which was originally released by Sun in 1991.

OpenSolaris uses a network-based package management system “Image Packaging System” (pkg(5)), which could add, remove, and manage installed software and to update to newer releases. It includes a set of free applications, including popular desktop (GNOME 2) and server software.

In 2010, after the acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Oracle stopped open development of the system, and replaced the OpenSolaris with the proprietary Solaris Express. On September 13, 2010 Steven Stallion announcement at his blog, that the development of OpenSolaris is finished.

A group of former OpenSolaris developers forked the core software under the new name OpenIndiana, which is a part of the Illumos Foundation.

There are a few forks based on OpenSolaris, such as: BeleniX, EON ZFS Storage, Illumos, Jaris OS, MartUX, MilaX, Nexenta OS, NexentaStor, OpenIndiana, OpenSXCE, SchilliX, SmartOS, StormOS.

Download

OpenSolaris 2009.06 i386 693MB.iso
md5sum: 86e19c89a30c9b91cbb096a758dea737

 

BackTrack

BackTrack

Web site: www.backtrack-linux.org
Origin: Switzerland
Category: Security, Penetration
Desktop environment: GNOME, KDE
Architecture: x86, x86_64, ARM
Based on: Ubuntu
Wikipedia: BackTrack
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 5R3 | August 14, 2012
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: BackTrack

BackTrack (or Back|Track) – an Ubuntu based Linux distribution for digital forensics and penetration testing.

BackTrack provides a large collection of security-related tools ranging from port scanners to Security Audit.
The tools are divided into 12 categories, such as:
– Information gathering
– Vulnerability assessment
– Exploitation tools
– Privilege escalation
– Maintaining access
– Reverse engineering
– RFID tools
– Stress testing
– Forensics
– Reporting tools
– Services
– Miscellaneous

BackTrack was under development between 2006 and 2012 by the Offensive Security team.
Versions up to 3.0 were based on Slax, and then (4.0) it has been moved to Ubuntu as its base.

The last version of BackTrack is 5 R3, which is available in two flavors: GNOME 2 and KDE, both for i686 and amd64 CPU.

As of March 2013, the Offensive Security team re-based the project to Debian and re-named it to Kali Linux.

Download

BackTrack 5R3 KDE i686 3.17GB.iso
md5sum: d324687fb891e695089745d461268576
BackTrack 5R3 KDE x86_64 3.19GB.iso
md5sum: 981b897b7fdf34fb1431ba84fe93249f
BackTrack 5R3 GNOME i686 3.14GB.iso
md5sum: aafff8ff5b71fdb6fccdded49a6541a0
BackTrack 5R3 GNOME x86_64 3.15GB.iso
md5sum: 8cd98b693ce542b671edecaed48ab06d