GNOSIS

null

Web site: cis.upenn.edu/~KeyKOS/Gnosis/Gnosis.html (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Server
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: IBM ?
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: GNOSIS
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | ?

GNOSIS (Great New Operating System In the Sky) – an example of a completely different kind of operating system. Gnosis was developed by TYMSHARE as a proprietary control program and it also developed proprietary application packages to run on it. GNOSIS was based on the research of Norman Hardy, Dale E. Jordan, Bill Frantz, Charlie Landau, Jay Jonekait, et al. McDonnell Douglas bought Tymshare, Inc. and then sold it in 1984 to Key Logic.

Programs under Gnosis are built out of protection domains with firewalls between them. Domains are small, simple, and cheap.
Domains communicate through doors in the firewalls, called capabilities. Capabilities are a simple, uniform, efficient means of representing authority.

There are several significant factors which make it possible.

* First, and foremost, the Gnosis concept of distinct domains without implicit interactions between them results in simpler programs. Because of this, we have had to spend a great deal of time designing the interfaces between these domains to insure that adequate function exists in each; but perhaps even that is a benefit since we will know exactly how the system goes together. The basic design of Gnosis will ensure that no compromises to the design occur during the implementation.

* Second, because individual components are completely isolated from each other, except for the prescribed interfaces, it is a simple matter to implement each domain independently of the remainder of the operating system. Very little scaffolding is required. We went to install the CMS editor in Gnosis and noted all of the things we thought ought to be there as co-requisites, things like a command language to call the editor, a file system, a loader, catalog facilities, and so on. To our surprise, we discovered that we didn’t need any of those facilities. We could just connect the editor directly to the terminal handler and test it. This made development go much quicker.

* Third, we have been able to coexist with, and take advantage of, CMS during the early going. We expect to use CMS services for quite some while for compiling programs and so forth. Thus our “critical mass” of code is very much smaller that it would otherwise be.

* Fourth, the basic design of Gnosis allows us to write most of the operating system as user code, which means we will be able to eliminate a lot of duplication of effort in terms of testing tools, etc. The system will also be much simpler because all of the details of the hardware are masked in the kernel. Consequently no domain programmer need ever deal with them, which makes the domains simpler, and also greatly reduces the impact of any hardware changes. We have tended to follow the advice of Fred Brooks in the Mythical Man-month, where he suggests “be prepared to throw the first one away.” We have implemented each domain with the simplest possible algorithms in order to test the design. Later we will have to discard many of these domains and rewrite them with high performance algorithms which obey the same interface specifications. Most of these first attempt domains can be implemented In a matter of days.

* Last, but certainly not least, we have a relatively high technology “office of the future” system called AUGMENT which we are using to keep all of our design notes as well as our user documentation. The use of this system,will save us a significant amount of labor as we develop a user community over the next several years.

The combination of these facilities has made it possible for us to implement a great deal of function very quickly. As Norm mentioned earlier, we have only just started running our first domains recently. Yet we expect to be able to have a significant online database application operational within a year.

Download

No download is available.
md5sum:

 

Caos Linux

Caos Linux

Web site: www.caoslinux.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Server
Desktop environment: GNOME, Xfce
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: CAOS Linux
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 1.0.25 | October 14, 2009

Caos Linux – an independent, RPM based Linux distribution developed by the CAOS Foundation. The CAOS Linux Project was first initated because of the need for an openly managed, RPM based version of Linux. CAOS NSA (Node, Server, Appliance) pursues the “sweet spot” concept for a Linux distribution.

CAOS Linux is designed to run on all x86_64 and i386 based hardware ranging from clusters and servers to production level appliances to personal desktops and laptops. Scientific research labs, public agencies, ISP’s, private enterprise, virtualization and cloud computing ventures will find CAOS Linux to be an integral component to their operation.

CAOS NSA focuses on being a lightweight, fast, efficient, stable, and secure distribution of Linux that is appropriate for servers, compute nodes, network appliances, and even the latest desktop and laptop computers.

Supporting a wide variety of software, CAOS Linux is based on the best aspects of GNU/Linux and has full binary compatibility with the most popular enterprise distribution of Linux.

The CAOS Linux installer would be found easy to use by both an experienced admin or a Linux newcomer. Users can either have a fully automated install (including HD partitioning) or they can take full control from the install prompt. The automated CAOS Linux installer, Cinch, is a very user friendly, written from scratch and open to use by other distributions. Your CAOS system has the advantage of grabbing the latest packages from our online repository during installation, guaranteeing your system is up to date. Post-installation configuration is simple through either Sidekick, our server administration Swiss Army Knife, manually, or via the web using an industry compatible webmin tool.

Download

Caos Linux 1.0 x86_64 2.37GB.iso
md5sum: 15f68fa01cd74c788c11df771c4d218a

 

FREESCO

FREESCO

Web site: www.freesco.org
Origin: ?
Category: Router
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent ?
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 0.4.5 | March 30, 2014

FREESCO – a NAT/firewall router/server based on Linux and runs on a single 1.44MB floppy. Freesco is very powerful and versatile and can connect multiple home or small office networks to most types of Internet connections including dialup.

FREESCO was developed in the open source tradition as an alternative to routing products offered by Cisco, 3-Com, Accend, Nortel etc. While all of these companies offer products that are well made, the overhead and overall costs can be expensive.

FREESCO is based on the Linux operating system. And incorporates many of the features of other Linux distributions into software that fits onto a single 1.44 meg floppy diskette. With FREESCO, you can configure:
– a simple bridge with up to 10 Ethernet segments
– a router with up to 10 Ethernet segments
– a dialup line router
– a leased line router
– an Ethernet router
– a dial-in server with up to 10 modems (with multiport modems).
– a time server
– a dhcp server
– a http server
– a ftp server
– a dns server
– a ssh server
– a print server (requires TCP/IP printing client software)

FREESCO also incorporates firewalling and NAT, which are resident within the Linux kernel, to help protect you and your network. All of these features can be used in conjunction with each other or individually.

Minimum install requires a 486sx with 12mb of ram. 16+mb of ram is recommended for enabling servers.

The project coordinator and lead developer is Lewis “Lightning” Baughman.

 

ZeX/OS

ZeX/OS

Web site: zexos.org (not active)
Origin: Czech ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GUI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent ?
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 0.6.4 | June 26, 2009

ZeX/OS – a simple operating system written in C and assembly languages and published under GNU/GPL license version 3.

ZeX/OS provides you many different apps you can use everyday. There are favorite apps like irc client, netcat client, email client, web client, web server, text editor, music player, remote control server, some games, calculator, graphical user interface, etc.

Features:
– Archs: x86, x86_64, ARM
– Mode (i386): protected
– Supports: preemptive multitasking, shell, commands, multitty, paging, networking, graphical environment, 2D and 3D (OpenGL) graphics
– Drivers: built-in (floppy, video, keyboard, rs232, lba, vga, vesa, pci, mouse, speaker, pcnet32, rtl8029, rtl8139. rtl8169, AC’97)
– Apps: elf executable (irc, websrv, webcl, nc, wm, openchess, im, telnetd, sh, imgshow, zde, zjab, zasm, ..), built-in (fdisk, hdcat ..)
– Filesystem: zexfs, fat12, fat16, iso9660, ext2, vfs, znfs
– Networking: ipv6, ipv4, tcp, udp, icmp, arp, ndp, dns, ips, tunnel broker, unix

Administrator account:
login name: root
Password: root

Guest account:
Login name: guest
Password: guest

The project developer is Tomas Jedrzejek.

Download

ZeX/OS 0.6.4 i386 1.15MB.iso
md5sum: 3263b85c0cf006a663072efba2c727d1

 

F.I.R.E.

F.I.R.E.

Web site: fire.dmzs.com (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Specialist
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 0.4a | May 14, 2003

F.I.R.E. – a portable bootable cdrom based distribution with the goal of providing an immediate environment to perform forensic analysis, incident response, data recovery, virus scanning and vulnerability assessment.

Also provides necessary tools for live forensics/analysis on win32, sparc solaris and x86 linux hosts just by mounting the cdrom and using trusted static binaries available in /statbins.

Download

F.I.R.E. 0.4a i386 606MB.iso
md5sum: ae810533dc3ae95e4036b2d665bd5f1a

 

TempleOS

TempleOS

Web site: www.templeos.org
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: TUI
Architecture: x86_64
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: TempleOS
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 5.03 | November 20, 2017

TempleOS (formerly: J Operating System, SparrowOS and LoseThos) – a lightweight operating system designed to be a Temple to Jesus Christ, developed by Terry A. Davis. Terry A. Davis has spent 12 years attempting to create the operating from scratch. Terry explains that God has instructed him to construct a temple.

TempleOS is an x86_64, multi-tasking, multi-cored, public domain, open source, ring-0-only, single-address-map (identity-mapped), non-networked, PC operating system for recreational programming.

The TempleOS is written in HolyC (a variation of C) and uses an interface similar to a mixture of DOS and Turbo C.

It has keyboard and mouse support, and ISO 9660, FAT32 and RedSea file systems (created by Davis) with support for file compression. It runs 8-bit ASCII with graphics in source code and has a 2D and 3D graphics library, which run at 640×480 VGA with 16 colors. The operating system includes an original flight simulator, compiler, and kernel.

Download

TempleOS x86_64 16.8MB.iso
md5sum: 2facf5d7cfa08de4c47aede4a64cfb44

 

Inferno

Inferno

Web site: www.vitanuova.com/inferno/
Origin: UK
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GUI
Architecture: x86, ARM, PA-RISC, MIPS, PowerPC, SPARC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Inferno
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 4 | March 28, 2015

Inferno – an operating system designed for building distributed and networked systems on a wide variety of devices and platforms. Inferno was based on the experience gained with Plan 9 from Bell Labs, and currently being developed by Vita Nuova. Applications for this system are written in the Limbo language. The name of the system and some related programs (including Styx, Limbo) come from the Dante’s Divine Comedy.

Inferno can run as a user application on top of an existing operating system or as a stand alone operating system. Most of the popular operating systems and processor architectures are supported:
– Host Operating Systems
– Windows NT/2000/XP
– Irix
– Linux
– MacOS X
– FreeBSD
– Solaris
– Plan 9

Inferno applications are written in Limbo®, a modern, safe, modular, concurrent programming language with C-like syntax. It is more powerful than C but considerably easier to understand and debug than C++ or Java. It is easy to express the concurrency in the physical world directly in Limbo’s syntax. Any Inferno application will run identically on all Inferno platforms.

High level security is an important part of the Inferno system. By using one standard protocol for all network communication, security can be focused on one point and provided at a system level. Inferno offers full support for authenticated, encrypted connections using a certificate based user identification scheme and variety of algorithms.

Inferno 4 was released in 2005 as free software.

Founded in March 2000, Vita Nuova Holdings Ltd is an operating systems and application development company specializing in technologies for distributed applications on network devices and embedded systems.

Download

Inferno 20150328 Unix-like systems (FreeBSD, Linux, MacOS X, Plan 9) 71MB.tgz
md5sum: 1b3b406dcaa9d7919e933dd192d53a39

Inferno Windows 2000, XP, and 7 62MB.zip
md5sum: 728b515bc6d866a24bed9b573965ee90

Inferno Mac OSX 386 3,7MB.tgz
md5sum: 83a10dc646f421dead3d59d63bc64ba8

Inferno source code
md5sum:

 

SkyOS

SkyOS

Web site: www.skyos.org (not active)
Origin: Austria
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: SkyGI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: SkyOS
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 5 Beta 6947 | August 3, 2008

SkyOS (Sky Operating System) – a proprietary, graphical desktop operating system created by Robert Szeleney in 1996 as a small bootloader. It is independent developed, written from scratch, POSIX compatible operating system for x86-like computers.

SkyOS has evolved into a full-featured, modern operating system, with a goal to be the easiest to use desktop operating system available for the average computer user. The development staff has also increased to include business, software, and graphics developers.

SkyOS uses its own GUI system called “SkyGI”, which features a complete C++ API. This system has nothing to do with X or XFree86, and is not based on either of these systems or their forks.

SkyOS uses no GPL’d code in the kernel/system. SkyOS does include some applications (such as Firefox) that are covered by the GPL.

SkyOS uses the SkyFS file system which is based on OpenBFS, but can also read FAT16 / FAT32, BeFS, ext2 / ext3.

The public beta of the SkyOS iso is available for users for testing the SkyOS.
User: public
Serial: 4Q7W5-HTRRW-6WYHW-45KW7-XQLXL

To log in to the live system:
User: root
No password

Download

SkyOS 5 beta 6947 i386 648MB.iso
md5sum: 2531a3448f3706ac357355799d16743e

 

Jarro Negro

Jarro Negro

Web site: www.jarronegrolinux.com
Origin: Mexico
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Enlightenment
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.0.0 | February 17, 2014

Jarro Negro – a live Linux distribution development by the Linux Community UNAM Naucalpan CLUN, by students of the College of Sciences and Humanities campus Naucalpan. JarroNegro project started in 2005 during the Technical Option “Maintenance of microcomputer systems”.

The first version of the distribution was based on Slackware, then on Debian, and the latest one is an independent developed.
The version which was based on Slackware, was shipped with Gnome, Xfce, Wmaker and Icewm desktop environments/window managers.
The latest ones featured Enlightenment 17 window manager as default.

The project founder is Armando Rodriguez Arguijo.

Download

Jarro Negro 3.0.0 i386 711MB.iso
md5sum: c20e25be3e503df829a738dc5c9d42c2

 

ProteanOS

null

Web site: proteanos.com
Origin: USA
Category: Embedded
Desktop environment: text
Architecture: ?
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media:
The last version | Released: ? | 2015
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: ProteanOS

ProteanOS – an operating system for embedded devices. Its innovative design enables it to offer a competitive solution in a wide variety of hardware and software environments and embedded applications.

ProteanOS is built on industry-standard and enterprise-quality technology and aims to provide a competitive solution in a wide variety of applications – from personal electronics and automotive systems to robotics and digital signage.

ProteanOS seeks to combine the ease of setup found in most desktop and enterprise operating systems with the flexibility and configurability found in many other embedded operating systems.

All of the software in ProteanOS is free/libre and open source – it can be used, modified, and distributed without restriction.

ProteanOS can be made to run on just about any hardware that can support an operating system and made to work with a variety of UNIX®-like kernels (currently supported is Linux®) and system libraries.

ProteanOS is designed to be as small as possible. Only essential programs and libraries are installed by default. And each software package is stripped down as much as possible.

To install ProteanOS, you need to download a script to build a system called ‘Prokit’ that will allow you to built it.

The project founder is Patrick McDermott.