TurboLinux

Turbolinux

Web site: turbolinux.com
Origin: Japan
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: KDE
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Turbolinux
Media: Install CD
The last version | Released: 12.5 | August 29, 2012

TurboLinux – a Linux distribution created in 1992 as Pacific HiTech company in Sandy, Utah, USA by Cliff and Iris Miller, as a rebranded Red Hat distribution.

TurboLinux has been sold to Japanese software corporation SRA located in Tokyo in September 2002.
The last version of TurboLinux 12.5 was released in 2012.

Download

TurboLinux 6.0 Server i386 479MB.iso
md5sum: 98374dd86262d3623d2f45b92ca7a1a9

 

Xiange Linux

Xiange Linux

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/xiangelinux/
Origin: China
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment:
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 201405 | May 18, 2014

Xiange Linux – a light weight Linux operating system based on gpkg and LFS. The distribution is based on the source code, optimized for the current CPU by default, and experience extreme speed. It supports for binary packages, and package file verification to prevent the system from being illegally modified.

It uses a package manage system called gpkg, based on Bash and C language,easy for understanding,porting, and expandation. It supports manual/automatic installation, experience the pleasure of full control system.

Live user/password: xiange

Download

Xiange Linux LiveUSB 201405 x86_64 814MB.tar.xz
md5sum: 13854497119478112f6f108b4f81da1b

 

ExOS

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Web site: pdos.csail.mit.edu/archive/exo/
Origin: USA
Category: Server
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Exokernel
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 06.22.2000 | June 22, 2000

ExOS – an operating system kernel developed by the MIT Parallel and Distributed Operating Systems group, and also a class of similar operating systems.

An exokernel eliminates the notion that an operating system should provide abstractions on which applications are built. Instead, it concentrates solely on securely multiplexing the raw hardware: from basic hardware primitives, application-level libraries and servers can directly implement traditional operating system abstractions, specialized for appropriateness and speed.

The newest exokernel is XOK, which runs on PC hardware, and ExOS, our first library operating system (libos). The ExOS library provides a user-level and extensible implementation of an UNIX operating system. Most UNIX applications like gcc, perl, apache, tcsh, and telnet compile and work without changes using ExOS. Further, measurements of application performance show that ExOS performs at least as well as OpenBSD and FreeBSD and much better when using specialized libos’s. For example, the Cheetah web server built on top of XOK performs eight times faster than NCSA or Harvest and three to four times faster than IIS running on Windows NT Enterprise Edition.

The current exopc distribution contains the entire source tree for the XOK kernel, ExOS library operating system, and assorted user-level programs and tools for building the system. OpenBSD or Linux with libc6 is required to build the system and only certain disk and ethernet controllers are supported. It was written by a variety of people over the past four years under DARPA sponsorship. Currently, the system is still under active development by PDOS at MIT, Greg Ganger’s group at CMU, and Exotec.

Exopc is stable enough to do libos and application development but there are still many bugs and features that have not yet been implemented. Do not expect to compile everything and replace your current system with XOK/ExOS. However, things are progressing rapidly and hopefully with making the sources public the ‘net world at large can help speed development. Any additions or bug fixes are greatly welcomed and will be considered for incorporation into the main source tree.

Copyright (C) 1997 Massachusetts Institute of Technology; some code in this distribution is covered by the GNU General Public License; some files include the following copyright: Copyright (C) 1998 Exotec, Inc. (free).

Primary authors (alphabetical order):
– Hector Briceno
– Dawson Engler
– Greg Ganger
– Rusty Hunt
– John Jannotti
– Frans Kaashoek
– David Mazieres
– Tom Pinckney

Other authors (alphabetical order):
– Josh Cates
– George Candea
– Robert Grimm
– Eric Nygren
– Costa Sapuntzakis
– Yonah Schneidler
– Josh Stults
– Debby Wallach
– Doug Wyatt

Download

exopc 06.22.2000 source 53MB.tar.gz
md5sum: d1c2d45ec4204e61f84b0c8fe783f134

 

Bifrost

Bifrost

Web site: robur.slu.se (not active)
Origin: Sweden
Category: Routers
Desktop environment:
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 7.1 | September 17, 2013

Bifrost – a small straight forward open source Linux distribution aimed at infrastructure networking, it’s highly specialized and tuned, with for a selection of chipsets, interface cards and other hardware. The distribution it also used in various R & D projects. The distribution of the Bifrost Network Project may be used and distributed according to the terms of the GNU Public License, incorporated herein by reference. The Bifrost distribution is proven and has been around since 1997.

Bifrost is collaboration between universities and ISP:s, companies
students and interested hackers.

Who is it intended for? “Networking people” with basic skills and interest in Linux/Unix needing a small flexible network- oriented distribution.
Basic functions? Routing, firewalling, login services, traffic logging, testing and monitoring and should be easy to extend for new applications.
Supported routing protocols: BGP, OSPF and of course static routes for ip4/ip6 via quagga.

The distributions are complete disk images of the system and can be unpacked directly on a flash disk with a fresh file system. To be able to mount the flash disk and create new file systems, one must have access to another Linux based PC with a flash disk reader.

People directly involved in this project are (with help from many others):
– Tom Johans (Department of Information Technology, SLU)
– Robert Olsson (ITS, UU)
– Emil Pedersen (ITS, UU)
– Hans Wassén (ITS, UU)

SLU (Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet) – The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.

Download

Bifrost 7.1-1 amd64 137MB.tar.gz
md5sum: d876812cd7b72b764417ccdbee0bc447
Bifrost 7.1 amd64 124MB.img.bz2
md5sum: 13ec9d31ad76d5739cccaf4fb0447ae8
Bifrost 7.1 amd64 124MB.vmdk.bz2
md5sum: 67b9efd0caa7f9f5938d927b4fd659f8

 

OS/2

OS/2

Web site: www-01.ibm.com/software/os/warp-withdrawal/ (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Workplace Shell (WPS)
Architecture: x86, PowerPC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: OS/2
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 4.52 | December 2001

OS/2 – a proprietary operating system, started in 1985 by IBM and Microsoft with a name of “CP/DOS”. Originally, OS/2 was expected to gradually replace DOS and Windows.

In the summer of 1990, Microsoft announced Windows 3.0 and it became a monster hit. The relationship between IBM and Microsoft was already strained, and further development of OS/2 was left entirely to IBM. Microsoft went on to develop NT, enhance Windows, and produce Windows 95.

Eventually, IBM figured out what was wrong and fixed it. OS/2 2.0 and 2.1 used 386 memory management, ran almost all DOS programs, and ran most Windows applications as well. IBM now supports clone computers, and has largely abandoned its PS/2 Microchannel family for the same PCI, ISA, IDE, SVGA architecture everyone else uses.

In the fall of 1994, IBM released Warp (OS/2 3.0) and made its last big marketing push for OS/2. IBM had a product out ten months before Windows 95 would be released. OS/2 was technically a better system than Windows 95 would be, with real program integrity, priorities, and server-quality I/O. None of this was discussed in any of the IBM ads or announcements. Instead, IBM concentrated on a “one button connection to the Internet” through IBM’s expensive public network. It would be six months before IBM released a version of Warp for corporate and campus use (with LAN support) and IBM never succeeded in capturing market share for Warp among home computer users.

Application programs could not interfere with themselves or with each other. The system could natively use larger amounts of memory. Yet the system maintained the command language and file structure of DOS.

Each OS/2 program runs in its own address space. It is common to talk about the old 16-bit programs and the newer 32-bit programs, but OS/2 does not separate the two or treat them differently. More accurately, OS/2 assumes that each of its applications may have a mixture of 16-bit and 32-bit pieces. OS/2 is itself a hybrid system with mixtures of both types of code.

OS/2 recognizes when a program has been constructed using the old 16-bit tools (producing variable sized segments) or with the new 32-bit tools (providing 4K pages). The different EXE file structure changes the way that the program is loaded into memory. Once they start running, however, all modules get the same services and all are assumed to have both 16 and 32-bit components.

Native OS/2 programs open files, request storage, or load programs by calling standard system routines. These routines are packaged in the same sort of Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) that are used in Windows. There are 16-bit and 32-bit libraries with versions of all the standard system services, and a program can choose which to call.

The Workplace Shell (WPS) was introduced in OS/2 2.0. WPS is an object-oriented shell allowing the user to perform traditional computing tasks such as accessing files, printers, launching legacy programs, and advanced object oriented tasks using built-in and third-party application objects that extended the shell in an integrated fashion not available on any other mainstream operating system.

The last version of OS/2 4.52 was released in 2001.

The project was re-branded to ArcaOS and is under development by Arca Noae.

Download

OS/2 3.0 Warp i386 383MB.iso
md5sum: 290f78744f5343e3bf05a331a8e0e45f
OS/2 4 Warp trial 333MB.iso
md5sum: debd1d8e3ab5e9a940e4458b9a5d6955
OS/2 4 Warp interactive demo for Win31/Win95 84MB.iso
md5sum: 95cbf702a31541e7ad20bc5e2d32bcb4

 

OS|periment

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Web site: theosperiment.wordpress.com
Origin: France
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | 2013

OS|periment – a project which focuses on creating a desktop operating system that caters to modern computer hardware and usage patterns.

In the main codebase, it uses UNIX-style shell scripts, Assembly, C++, and C.

The project founder is Hadrien G.

 

Arax OS

Arax OS

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/arax/
Origin: Iran
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: ? | 2016

Arax OS – a 32bit, protected mode operating system for x86 architecture , which is programmed in the C and assembly languages.

The project founder is Pooya Shahinfar.

 

ThePacketMaster

ThePacketMaster

Web site: thepacketmaster.com
Origin: Canada
Category: Security
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 1.2.1 | January 30, 2004

ThePacketMaster Linux Security Server – a Live security/forensics Linux distribution, built from scratch and packed full of tools useful for vulnerability analysis, penetration tests, and forensic analysis.

The last version of TMP was released in 2004.

Download

ThePacketMaster 1.2.1 i386 300MB.iso
md5sum: ba53e85c8f61b8ec94dff322cfc970b6

 

AxidOS

AxidOS

Web site: github.com/Asido/OS
Origin: ?
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | May 2016

AxidOS – a hobby x86 32-bit operating system, mostly written in C.

Dependencies required to build the AxidOS:
dosfstools – this is required to make virtual floppy image used to boot the OS
nasm -the boot loader is written in Netwide Assembler (NASM)
gcc – the GNU C Compiler
coreutils -mount, dd, cp…

The project founder is Arvydas Sidorenko.

 

Fsaos

Fsaos

Web site: github.com/farlepet/fsaos
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent ?
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: ? | August 8, 2014

Fsaos (Fairly Simple Assembly Operating System) – an operating system created purely for hobby and education purposes.

It is mostly written in Assembly and released under the MIT License.

The project founder is Peter Farley.

Download

Fsaos x86 485KB.iso
md5sum: 20de75f18ab08497af843331245cd766
Fsaos source code 89KB.zip
md5sum: 1874dc55b57a6d1542db1205b1185d62