illumian

illumian

Web site: illumian.org
Origin:
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: Nexenta OS
Wikipedia:
Media: Install CD
The last version | Released: 1.0 | February 01, 2012

illumian – an open-source operating system that combines technologies from Nexenta OS, OpenIndiana and Debian GNU/Linux.
illumian is a successor of a discontinued Nexenta OS which appears to be made by a merge of the Nexenta OS and OpenIndiana development teams.

illumian uses illumos kernel and Debian’s userland, including APT package manager. illumian is available as dual-arch installable CD ISO image that includes software packages optimized for both the 32-bit and 64-bit architectures.

The first (and the last) release of the illumian distribution includes only a minimal collection of packages, similar to what is installed using the OpenIndiana “text mode” installer. This distribution uses the same versions of externally maintained packages as the OpenIndiana project uses, most of which are maintained in the illumos-userland gate.

Download

illumian 1.0 i386/amd64 537MB.iso
md5sum: 13f23bc0582ed7e097e5bcd9c007db5f

 

Floppix

Floppix

Web site: floppix.com
Origin:
Category: Mini distribution
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Debian
Wikipedia:
Media: Live Floppy Image
The last version | Released: 2.1r6 | April 12, 2000

Floppix – a very small subset of Debian/GNU Linux that fits on two 3.5″ 1.4Mb diskettes.
Floppix was designed as a teaching tool, works entirely in a temporary RAM disk, and has no hard drive access.

It provides a platform to practice Linux commands and experiment with simple system administration. The most important tools of the system are: vi, sed, gzip, tar, telnet, ftp, mail, ssmtp, fetchmail, links, ssh, traceroute.

System Requirements: a machine with i486 CPU, a 3.5″ floppy drive, and 16MB RAM.

To create Floppix diskettes under MS Windows run floppix.exe to unpack the installation files, and then run install.bat.

To create Floppix under a Linux distribution untar the ‘tar.gz’ archive and copy the images onto diskettes:
tar -xvzf floppix.tar.gz
cd floppix
dd if=disk1.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=1k
dd if=disk2.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=1k

The last version of Floppix is derived from Debian 2.1 “Slink”.
The founder of Floppix is L.M.MacEwan.

Download

Floppix 2.1r6 Floppy Image i386 2.88MB.tar.gz
md5sum: 4e696f1beb21255b2fd55ce34ee658f6
Floppix 2.1.r6 Floppy Installer (MS Windows) 2.88MB.exe
md5sum: 99c73ecad8c0580a67c4612f5c23a481

 

Nexenta OS

Nexenta OS

Web site: nexenta.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: OpenSolaris
Wikipedia: Nexenta OS
Media: Install CD
The last version | Released: 3.1.3 | October 31, 2012

Nexenta OS (Nexenta Core Platform) – an open source operating system based on OpenSolaris kernel and Ubuntu userland.

The project started after Sun Microsystems started the OpenSolaris project in June 2005.
The 1st version of Nexenta OS was released in February 2008, and was based on OpenSolaris b82 and Ubuntu 6.06 “Dapper Drake”.
The 2nd version was released in May 2009, and was using packages of Ubuntu 8.04 “Hardy Heron” LTS and OpenSolaris kernel b104.
The 3rd one 3.0 released in August 2010, was using he same userland of Ubuntu 8.04 and OpenSolaris kernel b134.
In late 2011 the Nexenta OS brand was terminated and replaced with Illumian, which is derived from community development for illumos and OpenIndiana.

The installation CD installs the core system only, with 32 or 64 bit kernel.
Updates and new packages (deb) can be installed via APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) from the official Nexenta repositories (not active).

There is NexentaStor – a proprietary operating system built on top of the Nexenta Core Platform, optimized for use in virtualized server environments including NAS, iSCSI, and Fibre Channel applications, and is built around the ZFS file system.

Download

Nexenta Core Platform 3.0.1-b134 i386/x86_64 InstallCD 562MB.iso
md5sum: 6146aad28f3de98e79f47793c717948c

 

DOS-C

DOS-C

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/dos-c/
Origin:
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: FreeDOS
Wikipedia:
Media: Zip archive
The last version | Released: 1.0 beta2 | February 3, 2007

DOS-C – a MS-DOS compatible operating system with the original FreeDOS kernel.

The project founder and developer is Pascquale Villani.

mOnOwall

mOnOwall

Web site: m0n0.ch
Origin: Switzerland
Category: Firewall, Mini distribution
Desktop environment: CLI, Web GUI
Architecture: x86
Based on: FreeBSD
Wikipedia: mOnOwall
Media: Live CD/USB/Install CD/USB
The last version | Released: 1.8.1 | January 15, 2014
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mOnOwall – a FreeBSD based operating system which provides configured and ready to use firewall. mOnOwall provides a very small image which can be put on Compact Flash cards, CD-ROMs or installed on hard disks.

mOnOwall features:
– Stateful packet filter firewall
– IPsec and PPTP VPNs
– Inbound and Outbound Network Address Translation
– Captive portal
– Traffic shaper
– Inbound and Outbound port filtering
– Support for 802.1q compatible VLANs
– Multiple IP addresses on LAN and WAN ports
– IPS

Unlike other operating systems, mOnOwall stores its configuration in one single XML text file.

The founder of mOnOwall is Manuel Kasper.
After 12 years of development, on February 15, 2015 the project has ended.

There are a few forks of mOnOwall available, such as: t1n1wall, SmallWall, m0n0wall mod, pfSense, OPNsense.

Download

mOnOwall 1.8.1 PC i386 24MB.iso
md5sum: 5b2d536e2b69800fa9f6a7b10b645f6b
mOnOwall 1.8.1 PC i386 USB Image 11.6MB.img
md5sum: e18e752577e24c7a61df525e4d962b4a
mOnOwall 1.8.1 PC-Serial i386 USB Image 11.6MB.img
md5sum: 5f449407e78919c41039fe4343dad72a

 

SchilliX

SchilliX

Web site: schillix.org
Origin: Germany
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, x86_64
Based on: OpenSolaris
Wikipedia: SchilliX
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 0.8 | August 27, 2012
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SchilliX – an OpenSolaris based complete open-source operating system

SchilliX contains Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) only.
It runs from CD and can be optionally installed on a hard disk or a USB memory stick.

Sun Microsystem released the OpenSolaris code on June 14, 2005. It contains the modular kernel and userspace software together called “ON” (Operating System/Networking). 3 days after, the SchilliX team released the first OpenSource Distribution called Schillix.
The first release was published on 17 June 2005, by its initial developers: Jörg Schilling, Fabian Otto, Thomas Blaesing, and Tobias Kirschstein.

Version 0.7.1 used the Illumos project for the build.
Version 0.7.2 was the first OpenSolaris-like distro that capable of compiling the OpenSolaris source base.

SchilliX likes to make it easy for people who change from e.g. Linux but not on the expense of reduced default functionality.

The latest version of SchilliX 0.8 was released in August 2012.

Download

SchilliX 0.8 i386/x86_64 416MB.iso.xz
md5sum: 7682a64aecb6fae65d9c085ad65ab48b

 

uDOS

uDOS

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/udos/
Origin:
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: FreeDOS
Wikipedia:
Media: Source code
The last version | Released: 002 Alpha | June 19, 2006

uDOS – a free operating system built on the FreeDOS kernel with DJGPP.

uDOS provides an integrated suite of features including Perl, Python, etc., as well as a Watt-32 based networking environment and ELF library support. Can be run live from CD image.

uDOS is shipped as a CD iso which contains the source code packages.
There is an Aplha 002 version available only, released in 2006.
The developer of uDOS is B. Decker.

Download

uDOS 002 Aplha i386 Source Code 440MB.iso
md5sum: 92726b86d6cfe71b338428de9d0cb472

NewOS

NewOS

Web site: newos.org
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, Sega Dreamcast, PowerPC
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (pl): NewOS
Media: Source code
The last version | Released: 20050620 | June 20, 2005

NewOS – an alternative, modular and open-source operating system, based on a micro kernel written by a former Be Inc. employee Travis Geiselbrecht. It is largely implemented in C/C++, with a small amount of assembly.

The system is mostly a kernel with a minimal amount of user space libraries and applications so it isn’t interesting from an end-user point of view – there is no gui, simple commands on a command line.

NewOS provides a flexible framework to build other systems out of, cross-platform portability, provides a clean implementation that can be used as a learning tool for others and gives an educational opportunity for developers.

Haiku OS (previously: OpenBeOS), which is still under active development is based on NewOS.

Michael Noisternig took over the NewOS source code, and has implemented new ideas creating a fork named NewOS-Notion.

 

CarbonOS

CarbonOS

Web site: sourceforge.net/projects/carbon-os/
Origin: USA
Category: Desktop, Mini system
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: FreeDOS
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 0.4.0 Alpha | September 20, 2014

CarbonOS – an open-source operating system, based on FreeDOS kernel. CarbonOS is a successor of discontinued LightDOS operating system created by the same author – Corbin Davenport.

The main goals:
– based on FreeDOS 1.1, giving Carbon 100% compatibility with DOS
– 4DOS 8.00 command line
– FAT12/16/32 file system support
– support for CD/DVD drives without configuration
– support for Win95 long file names

The most important change between LightDOS and CarbonOS is, that CarbonOS works as a live CD (and can be installed too) as most Linux distributions.
You can customize Carbon for whatever you want too, run the compiler, and create new .iso file ready for burning.

As of July 16, 2015 the project is no longer under active development.

Download

CarbonOS 0.4.0 Alpha i386 Live 13MB.iso
md5sum: eb6e04a06ca81311f228cefdd09256b1
CarbonOS 0.4.0 Alpha i386 Virtual Machine Image 14MB.ova
md5sum: 02c0ed2f501eae67d9e43b21a096161e

Trinity Rescue Kit

Trinity Rescue Kit

Web site: trinityhome.org/trk
Origin: Belgium
Category: Rescue, Mini distribution
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Mandriva
Wikipedia: Trinity Rescue Kit
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.4 build 372 | April 29, 2011
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Trinity Rescue Kit (TRK) – a Linux distribution with a command-line interface, designed as a system rescue. TRK is especially equipped for repairing common problems in Microsoft Windows and Unix-like operating systems.

The project started in 2001 as a bootable DOS-based CD of proprietary software for offline operations (The Vault), and then has been moved to Linux as its base.

TRK is based on Mandriva and includes a set of utilities for:
– repairing damaged files
– recovering data
– resetting Windows passwords
– detecting computer viruses with a few different antivirus scanners
– disk cloning, including cloning Windows installations over the network
– recovering deleted data files
– editing disk partitions

The founder and developer of TRK is Tom Kerremans.

The last stable version is 3.4 build 372 released in April 2011, but there is newer, beta version 3.4 build 396 as of 2014 available too.

Download

Trinity Rescue Kit 3.4 build 372 i586 158MB.iso
md5sum: 4909e1961ba27752b7aa8eba23ea7b5d

Trinity Rescue Kit 3.4 build 396 Beta i586 180MB.iso
md5sum: c0723243a40650d88d3343a798d254d9

Trinity Rescue Kit 3.4 build 397 beta i586 191MB.iso
md5sum: 8d4ef0a48ced97b14dbc36b6ec06b674