Coyotos

null

Web site: www.coyotos.org (not active)
Origin: USA
Category: microkernel
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia (FR): Coyotos
Media: Install
The last version | Released: ? | 2010

Coyotos – a secure, microkernel-based operating system that builds on the ideas and experiences of the EROS project, that itself is the successor of KeyKOS, itself coming from GNOSIS (Great New Operating System In the Sky). Much of the code developed for EROS will migrate directly to Coyotos. The EROS system that was created at the University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins University.

Coyotos will be written in BitCee. BitC is a SystemProgramming language that combines the “low-level” nature of C with the semantic rigor of Scheme or ML. BitC was designed by careful selection and exclusion of language features in order to support proving properties (up to and including total correctness) of critical systems programs.

The Coyotos project has several objectives:
– Correct some of the shortcomings of the earlier EROS design.
– Demonstrate that an atomic kernel design scales up as well as down. We are planning to bring up versions of Coyotos on large-scale multiprocessors.
– Provide an efficient linux compatibility environment for use as a transitional runtime system, so that we can explore adapting applications to a more secure API foundation.
– (Eventually) Construct the kernel and key utilities in a new systems programming language (BitC) with a well-defined, mechanically-specified semantics. This will allow us to formally verify security and correctness properties of the system and its key utilities.
– Develop the proving technology necessary to do useful verification about a project of this sort.

The primary developer of EROS was Jonathan S. Shapiro, who is also a driving force behind Coyotos and the BitC programming language.
Since March 2010, the main development effort has been on the BitC language being designed for use in Coyotos: as of April 2016, the last change to Coyotos was in June 2010.

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md5sum:

 

Amoeba

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Web site: www.cs.vu.nl/pub/amoeba/
Origin: Netherlands
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: CLI
Architecture: x86, MIPS, Motorola 68030, NS 32016, SUN 3/50 & 3/60, SPARC, VAX
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Amoeba_(operating_system)
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 5.3 | July 30, 1996

Amoeba – a fully functional operating system with shared time by Andrew S. Tannenbaum from Vrije University. The Amoeba distribution includes the source code, binaries and kernels for all supported architectures plus full on-line and Postscript versions of the documentation.

Amoeba is a powerful microkernel-based system that turns a collection of workstations or single-board computers into a transparent distributed system. It has been in use in academia, industry, and government for about 5 years. It runs on the SPARC (Sun4c and Sun4m), the 386/486, 68030, and Sun 3/50 and Sun 3/60.

Amoeba is a general-purpose distributed operating system. It is designed to take a collection of machines and make them act together as a single integrated system. In general, users are not aware of the number and location of the processors that run their commands, nor of the number and location of the file servers that store their files. To the casual user, an Amoeba system looks like a single old-fashioned time-sharing system.

Amoeba is an ongoing research project. It should be thought of as a platform for doing research and development in distributed and parallel systems, languages, protocols and applications. Although it provides some UNIX emulation, and has a definite UNIX-like flavor (including over 100 UNIX-like utilities), it is NOT a plug-compatible replacement for UNIX. It should be of interest to educators and researchers who want the source code of a distributed operating system to inspect and tinker with, as well as to those who need a base to run distributed and parallel applications. Amoeba is intended for both ‘‘distributed’’ computing (multiple independent users working on different projects) and ‘‘parallel’’ computing (e.g., one user using 50 CPUs to play chess in parallel). Amoeba provides the necessary mechanism for doing both distributed and parallel applications, but the policy is entirely determined by user-level programs. For example, both a traditional (i.e. sequential) ‘make’ and a new parallel ‘amake’ are supplied.

 

Oberon

Oberon

Web site: www.ethoberon.ethz.ch
Origin: Switzerland
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: TUI (text user interface)
Architecture: x86, Ceres, Xilinx Spartan, SPARC, PowerPC, RIOS, MIPS
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Oberon
Media: Install
The last version | Released: V5 | 2013 (?)

Oberon – a single-user, multi-tasking system that runs on bare hardware or on top of a host operating system. Oberon is also the name of a programming language in the Pascal/Modula tradition.

The Oberon project was started at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich (ETHZ) in 1985 by Niklaus Wirth and Jürg Gutknecht. Although the project was originally targeted towards in-house hardware, the language and system have now been ported to many computer platforms. Oberon is also a name of a modern integrated software environment.

In 1991, Jürg Gutknecht and his group continued the development towards the ETH Oberon System. The goal was to exploit the inherent potential and features of Oberon to a much larger degree, upgrade the system by a concept of composable and persistent objects, complement the textual user interface by a graphical companion and provide support for the ubiquitous network. In 1995, the first official Oberon System 3 release was finished. Since then, the system has been constantly improved and extended. In 1997, the Release 2.2 including a large palette of applications was published together with a comprehensive hypertext-based documentation. In March 2000, a new release was ready and the system was renamed “ETH Oberon System”.

The original Oberon system is a single-threaded, single-user, co-operative multi-tasking operating system that runs on bare hardware or on top of a hosted operating system as a single-window application. The ETH Oberon System is an extended version that has intrinsic support for persistent objects and for building graphical user interfaces. It presents itself as a hierarchy of modules, many of which export one or several powerful abstract data types. Application modules simply reuse these data types and do not have to care about their implementation at all.

ETH Oberon System highlights:
– Advanced Textual User Interface
– Integrated object support in the kernel
– Object Autonomy and Persistence
– Extensibility by Software Bus Technology
– Fully Hierarchical Composability
– Generalized MVC Scheme
– Powerful GUI Framework Gadgets
– Self-Contained Documents
– Extensibility on Different Levels

The ETH Oberon System package includes several interesting tools and applications. Many of them were developed as productivity tools by ETH assistants and students.

The Oberon system is available free of charge and no registration is required for downloading the material. The source code is available under a BSD-like License.

The source of the Oberon screenshot is Wikipedia; uploader: SomPost; under BSDU License.

 

Zeta

Zeta

Web site: www.zeta-os.com (not active)
Origin: Germany
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Tracker
Architecture: x86
Based on: BeOS
Wikipedia: ZETA
Media: ?
The last version | Released: 1.5 | February 28, 2007

Zeta – a commercial operating system based on BeOS and developed by the yellowTAB company (later: magnussoft). Zeta is an attempt to update BeOS with support being added for new hardware, USB 2.0, VoIP, and other new support features.

Zeta Version 1.0 was released in summer 2005.

Zeta 1.2 was released in April 2006. New in this release is the enhanced support for SATA devices, new audio/video codecs (MP3, Ogg Vorbis, XviD), additional graphic and printer driver. The interface was redesigned, the in past release required activation was removed. The software publisher magnussoft takes over the YellowTab zeta operating system with May 2006 and provides the worldwide distribution and further development exclusively.

Zeta 1.21 live CD from 2006-09-25 is limited in the sense that no programs can be installed and no files can be stored.

In April 2007 the magnussoft company stopped the distribution of ZETA in reaction to allegations that ZETA constituted an illegal unlicensed derivative of the BeOS source code and binaries.

Versions:
2003 Oct. – Zeta RC1
2004 Jan. – Zeta RC2
2004 June – Zeta RC3
2004 Oct. – Zeta Neo, SP1 at Dec. 2004
2005 June – Zeta 1.0
2006 April – Zeta 1.2
2006 Sept. – Zeta 1.21
2007 March – Zeta 1.5, Professional Upgrade for 1.21

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V2_OS

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Web site: http://v2.nl/archive/works/v2_os
Origin: Netherlands
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GUI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia:
Media: Live
The last version | Released: 0.7 | April 3, 2002

V2_OS – an open source operating system, created by V2_Lab, International Lab for the Unstable Media, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Since V2_Lab released the source code to the kernel and modules, a lot of developers from all over the world are working with it, and help to make V2_OS grow.

V2_OS is the fastest operating system available for the 386+ PC. Everything in this system is focused on speed: the architecture, the file system, its avoidance of virtualization and of course, the choice of development language: V2_OS is written in 100% pure 32 bit assembler.

When you boot V2_OS from a floppy, it does not touch your harddisks. Only if you run the Format or the Syscopy command, you ask V2_OS to copy itself to the harddisks. Only do this when you know what your doing. Even then we suggest you test this on an empty harddisk or with a disk without any important data.

The native filesystem of V2_OS is V2_FS. It is a very fast filesystem since it does not suffer from things like defragmentation or slack.

To make a V2_OS boot floppy from DOS, you need: boot.v2s; system16.v2s; system32.v2s and writeos.exe. Just put these files in a directory; place a emtpy 1.44meg floppy in a: and run writeos.exe.

The project been under development beetwen 1999 and 2002.
V2_OS has been created by Joost Faassen and was maintained by himself and other contributors.

Download

V2_OS i386 856KB.iso
md5sum: 146da6411f30155942bc39e853dd87be
V2_OS i386 6.5KB.img
md5sum: 83484dd9c4ca51c9e38d273a7f4e3b7e
V2_OS i386 288KB.zip
md5sum: 1b6071658e297c7ca92a1a9c862467a5

 

DexOS

DexOS

Web site: http://dex-os.github.io/
Origin: Unknown
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: GUI
Architecture: x86
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: DexOS
Media: Install
The last version | Released: 6.0 | May 12, 2012

DexOS – an open-sourced 32-bit operating system written in x86 assembly, and maintained by Craig Bamford and other voluntary developers.

It is a console like operating system, which has two modes for interaction: the graphical user interface GUI or the command line interface, both of which are available to user from boot. It runs in protected mode, is single-tasking (one process), has a command line interface and a graphical user interface, can load modules such as sound drivers, and has some built in commands, such as TIME, DATE, MORE (text viewer), HELP, and RUN. To run programs, it is optional to use RUN and the .dex extension. It has some network abilities, such as running a HTTP server.

DexOS is an acronym, Dex is short for DOS Extreme, and it is a V2_OS fork.

Download

DexOS 6.0 i486+ 9.8MB.zip
md5sum: 63b09924c4dd005945bdaa5999edf256

 

MorphOS

MorphOS

Web site: www.morphos.de
Origin: Europe
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Ambient
Architecture: Pegasos, Amiga, EFIKA, Mac Mini G4, eMac, Power Mac G4, PowerBook G4, iBook G4, Power Mac G5
Based on:
Wikipedia: MorphOS
Media: Live CD
The last version | Released: 3.11 | July 6, 2018
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: MorphOS

MorphOS – an independent, AmigaOS-like computer operating system. It is compatible with AmigaOS-like machines which feature the PowerPC CPU, the Pegasos mainboard and EFIKA based machines as well. The core, based on the Quark microkernel, is proprietary, although several libraries and other parts are open source, such as Ambient desktop.

One of the system’s components is ABox – an emulation sandbox featuring a PPC native AmigaOS API clone that is binary compatible with both 68k Amiga applications and both PowerUP and WarpOS formats of Amiga PPC executables. ABox is based in part on AROS Research Operating System. ABox includes Trance JIT code translator for 68k native Amiga applications.

The default desktop of MorphOS is a MUI-based desktop environment Ambient. Ambient remotely resembles Workbench and Directory Opus Magellan trying to mix the best of both worlds.

The project started in 1999, and is under development by The MorphOS Development Team.

MorphOS project is still under active development, the latest version 3.11 was released in 2018.

Plan 9

Plan 9

Web site: http://plan9.bell-labs.com/plan9/
Origin: USA
Category: Specialist
Desktop environment: Rio
Architecture: x86, x86_64, MIPS, DEC Alpha, SPARC, PowerPC, ARM
Based on: Independent
Wikipedia: Plan 9
Media: Live CD/USB
The last version | Released: 4 | 2002
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: Plan 9

Plan 9 – a distributed operating system, originally developed by the Computing Sciences Research Center at Bell Labs between the mid-1980s and 2002. Its original designers and authors were Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, Dave Presotto, and Phil Winterbottom.

Plan 9 demonstrates a new and often cleaner way to solve most systems problems. The system as a whole is likely to feel tantalizingly familiar to Unix users but at the same time quite foreign.

Plan 9 is an operating system kernel but also a collection of accompanying software. The bulk of the software is predominantly new, written for Plan 9 rather than ported from Unix or other systems. The window system, compilers, file server, and network services are all freshly written for Plan 9. Although classic Unix programs like dc, ed, and troff have been brought along, they are often in an updated form.

Starting with the release of Fourth edition on April 2002, the full source code of Plan 9 from Bell Labs was freely available under Lucent Public License 1.02.

There is an open source fork of Plan 9 called 9front (or Plan9front) being still under active development.

Download

Plan 9 4 90MB.iso.zip
md5sum: e5be8ff34c216b9193059c399031ceb5
Plan 9 4 USB Image 89MB.zip
md5sum: 0d365922b98828afd3e23cfcb82f28d8

 

AFROS

AFROS

Web site: http://aranym.org/afros.html
Origin: Czech republik
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Other
Architecture: x86
Based on: Slax
Wikipedia:
Media: Live CD, Install CD
The last version | Released: 8.12 | December 17, 2008
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: AFROS

AFROS – Atari FRee Operating System. It used to be distributed in the form of a harddisk image but now it’s just a plain set of files creating preinstalled TOS compatible EmuTOS/FreeMiNT/fVDI/XaAES based operating system. In the combination of ARAnyM/Linux and AFROS you basically get a completely free TOS/MiNT compatible operating system running on any machine where Linux runs.

ARAnyM/AFROS Live CD is a SLAX-based bootable CD with a small collection of GNU/Linux software, the ARAnyM and the AFROS. It boots and runs completely from CD, does not write anything to the hard drive on its own, but you can write to hard drive from inside the AFROS using the drive D:.

ARAnyM is a software virtual machine (similar to VirtualBox or Bochs) designed and developed for running 32-bit Atari ST/TT/Falcon operating systems (TOS, FreeMiNT, MagiC and Linux-m68k) and TOS/GEM applications on any kind of hardware – be it an IBM clone (read it as “PC”), an Apple, an Unix server, a graphics workstation or even a portable computer.

The developer of ARAnyM and AFROS is Petr Stehlik.

Download

AFROS Live 0.9.7-8.12_1 i386 101MB.iso
md5sum: 4db3103073e30cdb4df7b36c0db1ebc1
AFROS 8.12 i386 9MB.zip
md5sum: e8fd7c18c66c36e230b736bd31a19fc5

 

AEROS

AEROS

Web site: www.aeros-os.org
Origin: Germany
Category: Desktop
Desktop environment: Wanderer
Architecture: x86, ARM
Based on: AROS, Debian
Wikipedia:
Media: Live DVD
The last version | Released: 3.5 | January 17, 2013
Zobacz po polsku Zobacz po polsku: AEROS

AEROS – a hybrid distribution of AROS and Linux (Debian) available for ARM and x86 systems. It is an open-source reimplementation of the classic Amiga OS.

The hybrid combinations means that a one operating system hosts an another one. The host system is Debian, which has pre-installed VirtualBox and automatically runs the AROS operating system as a guest system.
Debian contains pre-installed ultra light Openbox window manager and Tint2 panel as well.

Thank’s to Linux kernel, AREOS features more drivers (printers, scanners, NIC, Videocards and is able to run every Linux application, including Wine, which enables the use of Windows (TM) apps without the need of Windows(TM).

Thank’s to having AROS on top Linux, the system can runs apps and games which come from Amiga It also allows you to use JanusUAE – an integrated Amiga emulation – a classic 68k Amiga apps can be used in coherency mode.

Te developer of AEROS is Pascal Papara, and the AEROS is published under OIN® License.

Download

AEROS 3.5 i386 2.75GB.iso
md5sum: 821858d9a7e8591549b5e2c3f3bf7c62