Web site: www.ubuntu.com
Origin: Isle of Man
Category: Desktop, Server
Desktop environment: GNOME
Architecture: x86, x86_64, PowerPC, armhf
Based on: Debian
Media: Live DVD, Install (Alternative) CD/DVD
The last version | Released: current |
Zobacz po polsku: Ubuntu
Ubuntu – a Debian-based Linux distribution, with Unity as its default desktop environment for personal computers including laptops, desktops, smartphones and for server machines as well. It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (literally, “human-ness”), which often is translated as “humanity towards others”.
The first official Ubuntu release 4.10 (Warty Warthog) was published in October 20, 2004.
Every next release is published in April and October, in a 6 mount cycle.
Every 2 years, Ubuntu is offered as a Long Term Support release (10.04, 12.04, 14.04, etc.).
Up to version 10.10, the main desktop was Gnome 2; starting from version 11.04 the Gnome was replaced by Unity.
Ubuntu is available as a Live, installable iso image, as well as alternative version which provides text based installer only.
Development of Ubuntu is led by UK-based Canonical Ltd., a company owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.
There are a few official Ubuntu variants shipped with different desktop environment or language, such as:
– Kubuntu – with KDE desktop environment
– Xubuntu – with Xfce
– Lubuntu – with LXDE, targeted to older machines
– Edubuntu – for school environments and home users
– Ubuntu Studio – for professional video and audio editing
– Mythbuntu – designed for creating a home theater PC with MythTV pre-installed
– Ubuntu Kylin – a Chinese version of Ubuntu Desktop
– Ubuntu Gnome – with Gnome 3
– Ubuntu MATE – with MATE (fork Gnome 2)
There is also a large number of derivatives built on the top of Ubuntu.
I provided the first stable iso image of Ubuntu 4.10 to be downloaded.
If you need an up-to-date Ubuntu image, you can download it from the project page or from Linuxiarze.pl/Download Ubuntu page.